Research Paper 2014

Submitted By Alana11111
Words: 1200
Pages: 5

Phillips 1
Alana Phillips
Professor Walpole
ENC 1101
5 August 2014
Animal Testing:
How long is enough?
Time and time again the helpless mice are tortured, and forced to inhale toxic fumes.
They’re thrown into barren cages with probably over twenty other mice; cramped, they begin to
attack each other or take their own lives due to the high level of stress. Animal testing has been
going on for centuries, but how long is enough? These animals are treated like nothing more than
just disposable laboratory equipment and each year, over 100 million animals die in US
laboratories. Animal testing should be completely outlawed because it is unreliable and
expensive, cruel and inhumane, speciesism and unfair .
Animal testing is always being questioned whether or not it’s actually reliable, but the
truth is it’s not. For example, the arthritis drug Vioxx appeared to be safe in animal studies, but
was withdrawn from the market in 2004 after causing over 60,000 deaths in the U.S. alone
(“Limitations and Dangers”). Many scientists forget about the important factors that still need to
be taken into account. Any experiment conducted must be unbiased and uncontaminated or else
the results are deemed to be inaccurate. In one study, researchers discovered that not only is
stress a common factor for mice in labs—just having a researcher present can alter a mouse’s
behavior—but they also experience “sympathy pains” for the mice surrounding them

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(“Limitations and Dangers”). Another issue that proves animal testing is unreliable because of
the difference in the anatomy between humans and animals. Acetaminophen, for example, is
poisonous to cats but is a therapeutic in humans; penicillin is toxic in guinea pigs but has been an
invaluable tool in human medicine; morphine causes hyper­excitement in cats but has a calming
effect in human patients; and oral contraceptives prolong blood­clotting times in dogs but
increase a human’s risk of developing blood clots (“Problems with Animal Research”).
Minus the inaccuracy of animal testing the US Government still continues to pour
billions of taxpayer’s money into these experiments. It would be hard to explain to the growing
number of unemployed people struggling to survive — and the families losing their homes —
that the federal government is still giving money to vivisectors to find out over and over again
that drugs and cigarettes are still bad for you (“The High Cost”). Many laboratories and investors
are dependent upon this multi­ billion dollar industry to continue whether or not it’s benefiting
the people. As an example of such financial motivation for its continuance, consider for example
that in 2010, The Jackson Laboratory—“a leading mammalian genetics research center”—sold
2.9 million mice for a profit of $98.7 million (“Limitations and Dangers”). This is what becomes
ethically wrong about animal testing, it’s more about the money than the cause so why should we
continue to torment these animals who simply wish to live in peace.
In addition to being unreliable and expensive, animal testing is simply cruel and
inhumane. In research and testing, animals are subjected to experiments that can include
everything from testing new drugs to infecting with diseases, poisoning for toxicity testing,
burning skin, causing brain damage, implanting electrodes into the brain, maiming, blinding, and

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other painful and invasive procedures (“Harm and Suffering”). Inhumane means lacking
kindness and compassion. These animals can’t speak for themselves nor reason, where’s the
compassion for them? They don’t know if they will be dragged from their prison cells for an
injection, blood withdrawal, a painful procedure, surgery, or death (Cruelty to Animals”).
Animals deserve to live a natural life, not one in constant fear.
They experience ongoing mental and physical suffering from the endless boredom,
confinement, fear, and emotional stress…