This paper will focus on behaviour modification. Behaviour modification is a technique that is used to change people’s behaviours. Behaviour modification has help me change my way of thinking, it help me modify the behaviour that had me stagnated in the world that I lived in, accepted ,and believed that it’s all I would achieve in life. There are different types of modification that can help modify our behaviour.
1) Is the Neutral operands: which neither decrease nor increase your behaviour
2) Reinforces: These can be positive or negative (positive rewards, while negative removes adverse stimulus, in which a person finds rewarding,
3) Punishers: weaken behaviours
4) Token Economy: this is when the target behaviour are reinforced with tokens (which can be exchanged for rewards)
What is behaviour modification? Behaviour Modification is a therapeutic technique based on the work of, B.F. Skinner, a famous psychologist who is known as the “father of behaviourism.”. Skinner developed a theory of called operant conditioning, which states that all behaviour is governed by reinforcing and punishing stimuli. Behaviour modification uses a scheduled approach that rewards desired behaviour and punishing undesirable behaviour. This technique continues to be used in therapy and is used in many psychological settings. B.F. Skinner feels it is more productive to study external behaviours rather than internal mental events. Skinner believes the best to understand behaviour is to look at the cause of what transpired (action), and the end results of that situation (consequence). This is called Operant Conditioning.
Applications of behaviour modification Behaviour Modification is an effective technique used to treat many disorders such as attention deficit disorder. Furthermore, the fundamentals of behaviour modification can be used to quit smoking cigarettes, or a parent who wants their son to consistently clean their room, may use behavioural techniques to achieve these goals. Operant conditioning is one of those techniques. It means roughly changing the behaviour using rewards or punishment to get desired response. I will identifyThere are three responses of operant that can follow behaviour. We haveThere are responses that can decrease or increase some of these operands.
Neutral operands: responses from the environment that neither decrease nor increase the probability of a behaviour being repeated, for example: Regardless what you say or do to help correct a person’s behaviour, they continue to do the same thing over and over again, even if the consequences never change.
Reinforces: responses from the environment that increase the probability of a behaviour being repeated. Reinforces can be positive or negative.
1. Positive Reinforcement – Strengthen behaviour by providing a consequence an individual finds rewarding.
2. Negative Reinforcement – The removal of an unpleasant reinforce can also strengthen behaviour. Because if you remove an adverse stimulus (which a person finds rewarding), the negative reinforcements will strengthen the positive behaviour.
Example Positive: If Mr. Locklear gave you five dollars every time you do your homework, you will keep up with your work.
Example Negative: If you stop doing homework and Mr. Locklear gave everyone five dollars but you, you would start doing your homework, so you can get rewarded.
Punishers: Responses from an environment that decrease the likelihood of the behaviour being repeated. Punishment (weaken behaviour), it is defined as opposite of reinforcements because it is designed to weaken or eliminate a response. For example: If I continue to disturb other guests at the gym, they will take away my membership and won’t allow me back in the gym. This would eliminate me from disturbing other guests.
There are different types of Positive reinforcements. Primary reinforcements are when a reward strengthens behaviour by itself.…