English playwright and poet William Shakespeare, who lived in the late 1500s and early 1600s, is regarded as the greatest dramatist in the history of English literature. His plays include historical works such as Richard II, comedies, including As You Like It, and tragedies, such as Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear. He had a profound understanding of human nature and human behavior, and he was able to communicate this knowledge through the wide variety of characters he created in his plays.
Though recognized in much of the world as the greatest of all dramatists, he surprisingly didn't attend the university after graduated from a grammar school due to taking the responsibility of the eldest son in his family and becoming an apprentice to learn the business in his father's shop. （可以套 university 对成功有否影响之类的问题）The school's rigorous curriculum was based largely on the study of Latin and the major classical writers, which influenced Shakespeare's writing a lot. But it was the mundane life experience during his apprentice time that provided those vivid images in Shakespeare's mind. (可以套 平凡小事的大作用 之类的问题)
In the late 1580s, Shakespeare went to London and worked in the theater as a handy man who sometimes prompted the stage lines to the actors or played an insignificant role in the play. His talent of drama writing first appeared when he tried to revise the old scripts because the theatre's immediate requirement of different scripts everyday. (这个勉强算 struggle 好了) During the summer of 1592 to the spring of 1594 because of plague, many theaters were closed, which led to Shakespeare's losing job. He seized the chance to improve himself by reading a large number of books, which eventually made him stand out conspicuously after the plague. (很明显啦抓住机遇之类的问题)
二、 甘地 Gandhi
Gandhi was a major political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence ---- which led India to independence and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. He is commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi 'Great Soul’. He is officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation.
He first employed non-violent disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa. → faced discrimination directed at Indians; thrown off the train after refusing to move from the first class to a third class while holding a valid first class ticket.
It was through witnessing firsthand the racism, prejudice and injustice against Indians in South Africa that Gandhi started to question his people's status within the British Empire, and his own place in society. (这段可以用于motive一类的问题)
直接跳到最有名的salt march 中间还有很多小的政治运动有兴趣的自己wiki
Gandhi launched a new satyagraha against tax on salt in March 1930, highlighted by the famous Salt March to Dandi from 12 March to 6 April, marching 400 kilometers (248 miles) from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat to make salt himself. Thousand of Indians joined him on this march to the sea. The government decided to negotiate with Gandhi and later agreed to set all political prisoners free, who were imprisoned in the salt movement. (这个的话struggle阿peace or violence阿都可以 自己斟酌吧) 三、道格拉斯 Frederick Douglass
Douglass, whose original name was Frederick Augustus Bailey (我也没记住这个- -), was born in 1817 in Talbot County, Maryland. He was born a slave due to the law that children followed the status of their mothers. At the age of seven or eight, Frederick was sent to Baltimore to the home of Hugh and Sophia Auld. Sophia Auld began to teach Frederick to read from Bible until her husband forbade such instruction. Having used the books belonging to Sophia Auld's son to teach himself secretly,