January 12, 2014
Psychology 550 / Psychology of Learning
The explanation of the concept of habituation and the role that stimulation plays can be both non-associative or an associative process and can have long or short term habituation effects. In analyzing the factors that can affect the perceptual learning the process of the stabilizers within the memory and skill can occur when the initial acquisition is put into place. The effects of stimulus exposure can also be explored and examined within a person’s daily lifestyle and can be characterized by the sequential routine tasks and the actions that the application of the simple stimulus learning that are done in many real-life situations that can be explored in many scenarios.
When looking at the stimulus control and cognition, an individual can adaptively behave differently to a behavior in one situation than in another. When loving from paramecia to animal, and then to people, there are a number of different modes of the possible behaviors that can increase, with the number of different situations that are unique behaviors that are appropriate to the given situation. The perceptional process of the stimulus control and cognition occurs because they are more complicated than some things that an individual can deal with on a daily basis. There are two important parts of the scientific definition of learning, stimulus and responses. The understanding of classical and operant conditioning is to become familiar and comfortable with the scientific terms. A response is anything an individual can do based on a unique stimulus. The stimulus is anything that comes from the senses of the individual or animal that made is used as a trigger factor. Some of the simple responses that have been studied are things like blinking of the eyes, salivating, or pressing on a lever (Thorndike, 1928).
In habilitation the study is considered to be a simple form of learning. Habilitation is seen as the ability to stop a response to a stimulus is a simple form of learned behavior. For habilitation to happen, an individual or animal would only need for the stimulus to be presented to him/her several times. Behind the work of Ivan Pavlov the experiment showed that the digestion began in the mouth and the saliva was the important part of the digestive process. When Pavlov placed food powder in the mouth of the animals for the study, it triggered the salivary reflexes within the animal’s mouth (Pavlov, 1902). In his (Pavlov) conclusion that the animal were learning to respond to the stimuli once the food was presented to him/her. As he continued to process the study, Pavlov integrated the bell with the food to the animals with the use of a bell this produced the response of salivation. To this study the word elicit, which means that the responses are automatic or involuntary in nature. In many cases of the study there are two stimuli and two responses. The bell and the food are the stimuli and the salivation to the food and salivation to the bell ate the two responses. The two forms of stimuli are unconditional stimulus (US) which means eliciting a response before any conditioning has occurred; the second stimulus is the conditioned stimulus (CS) which means eliciting a response after being paired with and unconditioned stimulus. The two stimuli responses are unconditioned response (UR), which means eliciting by the unconditional stimulus, and conditioned response (CR), which means eliciting by a conditioned response (Pavlov, 1897). The concept of stimulus and stimulus elements describes how a simple stimulus is controlled and measured in testing. The rules that describe the effects of the elements of the stimulus are compound by the effects of the elements (Rogers, 1938). Stimulus implies that a response can exist. A stimulus may change the organisms internal state without having an elicit response.