Terms for American History Essay

Submitted By madisondee13
Words: 2118
Pages: 9

Review words for EOC:
Henry Flagler: founder of Standard Oil Company
Homestead Strike (1892): steelworker's strike in Carnegie's company after the company cut the worker's wages
Ida Tarbell: a magazine writer who wrote about big business's cutthroat methods of eliminating competition immigration: coming to and settling in a country of which one is not a native to innovation: production of a new idea, method, or production
Knights of Labor: secretly organized labor union whose goal was to secure the rights of working men labor unions: an organized association of workers put together to protect their interests and rights market economy: an economy where competition and prices depend on supply and demand muckrakers: one of the magazine journalists who exposed the corrupt side of business and life during the 1800's
National Women Suffrage Association: fought to secure womens rights to vote and many other aspects of life that men could do but women couldn't planned economy: government controls and regulates production and distribution political machines: a group that controls the actions of a specific political party
Pullman Strike (1894): the Pullman company fired many people and cut several wages, and after they weren't restored a strike was called into order railroads: set of tracks made of steel of which a train and passengers ride on settlement houses: community center providing assitance to residents, particulary immigrants, in a slum neighborhood
Sherman Antitrust Act (1890): a law enacted in 1890 that was intended to prevent the creation of monopolies by making it illegal to establish trusts that intefered with free trade
Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1894): attempted to reduce financial constraints of farmers due to fall in the price of silver
Social Darwinism: social order follows the same rule as the natural order (only the fittest survive)
Social Gospel Movement: early reform program that preached salvation through service to the poor suffrage movement: the spreading of people's desire for the right to vote transportation: system or means of transporting people or goods
Coral Sea: fight between the Japanese navy versus the British and Americans, off the coast of the western pacific ocean
Final Solution: the Nazis attempt to kill all of the Jews in Germany
Hiroshima: location of our dropped bomb after the Japanese refused to surrender to the Allied Forces
Nagasaki: second bombing, after Hiroshima, and the final battle from America in WWII
Holocaust: a time in Germany, led by Hitler, in which all of the Aryans looked to eliminate all of the Jews (genocide) home front: civilians of a nation whose armed forces and weapons are at a time of warfare across seas
Japanese-American internment: the relocation of Japanese-Americans into concentration camps during WWII
Lend-Lease Act: empowered the president to sell, lend, lease, or buy weapons to and from other countries loyalty review boards: effort by Truman to find communists within the American government loyalty review program: investigated all American government areas in order to recover any communists
Mary McLeod Bethune: teacher who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans
Midway: battle between the Allies and the Axis at a US Naval station north of Honolulu national security: reorganization of the US Defense that led to the creation of the CIA, the Air Force, and the Secretary of Defense position
Normandy: where D-Day occurred, the invasion of the Normany Beaches was where the US marched onto land and tried to fight against the Axis Powers
Nuremberg Trials: trails held by the US that prosecuted German leaders and political figures for crimes they had committed during WWII
Pearl Harbor: US Naval base attack made by the Japanese via air
Potsdam: a conference held in Potsdam in the summer of 1945 where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill drew up plans for the administration of Germany and Poland