Feminism sees society as male dominated and it seeks to describe, explain and change the position of women in society. It is therefore both a theory of women’s subordination and a political movement. There 3 main types of feminism: liberal, Radical and Marxist. The roots of feminism can be related back to the late 18th century Enlightenment. Feminists argued that since both sexes had the same power of reason, these principles should apply to women as much as to men and that women’s emancipation must be included as part of the Enlightenment project. However poststructuralist feminists argue that the enlightenment project is simply a form of power/knowledge. Butler argues it legitimated the domination of western, white, middle-class males over other groups and oppressed other groups such as black people. A first wave of feminism appeared in the late 19th century, with the suffragettes’ campaign for the right to vote. The 1960s saw a second wave emerge on a global scale. Since then feminism has had a major influence on sociology as well contemporary society. Liberal feminists believe women can achieve gender equality by reformism. This is the idea that progress towards equal rights can be achieved by gradual reforms or piecemeal changes in society, without the need of revolution. For example they argue that laws and policies against sex discrimination in employment and education can secure equal opportunities for women, without them having to start a revolution about this. As well as campaigning for the changes in the law, liberal feminists call for cultural change. In their view, traditional prejudices and stereotypes about gender differences are a barrier to equality. For example beliefs that women are less rational and more dominated by emotion and instinct are used to legitimate their exclusion from decision-making role and their confinement to childbearing and housework. This is still true for contemporary society, as in some cultures particularly Pakistani women play their traditional role of housewife, but culture may not be a major factor as Naomi Wolf author of ‘The Beauty Myth’ states that “a Pakistani woman spends sixty-three hours per week on domestic work alone, while a Western housewife, despite her modern appliances, works just 6 hours less”. This shows how even in a contemporary society the traditional housewife still exists even if the ‘cereal packet’ family has been eliminated to some extent. There is contemporary scientific evidence today that tells us, testosterone in men can have a significant impact to their personality, such as men being ‘macho’ but a liberal feminist would reject this view as they argue biological differences do not make women less competent or rational that men or that men are biologically less emotional and nurturing than women. Liberal feminists have produced evidence documenting the extent of gender inequality and discrimination, and legitimising the demand for reform in areas such as equal pay and employment practices that were created by a contemporary society, showing that there was an inequality in the work place, and there was a need for change. Their work has also helped to demonstrate that gender differences are not inborn but the result of different treatment and socialisation patterns. Like Oakley liberal feminists distinguish between sex and gender. They believe that sex refers to biological differences between males and females and gender refers to culturally constructed differences between the ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ roles and identities assigned to males and females. While sex differences are seen as fixed, gender differences vary between cultures over time. An example would be the ‘roaring 60s’ women started becoming more independent, however countries like Saudi Arabia even over time would forbid there women to wear revealing clothes thus, what is considered a proper role for women in one society or at one time may be disapproved of or forbidden in another. Therefore
“The Voices of Revolution”
Continental congress - a gathering in the fall of 1774 of delegates from throughout the colonies
Paul Revere - 1735–1818, American silversmith and patriot, famous for his night horseback ride, April 18, 1775, to warn Massachusetts colonists of the coming of British troops
Minutemen - members of the civilian volunteer militia
“The shot heard round the world” - a meaning of saying the start of the American Revolutionary War
George Washington - Revolutionary war…
is revolution requires once special thing. Actual problems. What is an actual problem? Something that severely threatens ones chances of survival in the immediate future such as but not limited too: War, Starvation, Disease, Genocide, Slavery, etc. The government spying on the population or injustices existing in the legal system as well as financial recessions are what are known as first world problems. They are inconveniences, hardships, but not life threatening scenarios. Thus, revolutions do…
The Underdogs a Novel of the Mexican Revolution Objects/Places
Zacatecas is the last stronghold of the Federals (the Government army), led by Huerta. Demetrio, through brave recklessness, rallies his troops and takes the town when it appears a defeat is imminent. For his heroics, Demetrio is promoted to General after the siege of Zacatecas.
Cuquio is the region in the sierra where Demetrio is instructed to stop the Carranza army. In cyclical fashion, it is very near the spot…
Enslaved people had resisted the trade since it began. However French revolution introduced ideas of liberty and equality and abolishes slavery during the revolution shows support to the revolt slaves. It is possible that France wants the slaves to rebel the slave masters and become the pro France state is the rebel success. One of the examples is Toussaint l'Ouverture who fought against British and Spanish army for freedom in Saint-Domingue and took control over the island.
Cost to maintain slave…
of a revolution we instantly jump to the conclusion that of course, the rebels are to blame. Yes, the rebels are the driving force of the revolution but what motivates them? There has to be other things that have led them to revolt.
In my opinion the leading cause of revolutions is the tension between social classes, also known as a hierarchy, that primarily causes these uprisings which eventually turn into revolutions. Someone always has to be at the bottom and the reason for a revolution to evolve;…
Aristocratic, social, and political system established in France before the French Revolution
Clergy (First estate)
10% of land
“voluntary gift” instead of taxes every 5 years
Nobles (Second estate)
Descendants of “those who found” in Middle Ages
25% of land
Rights to hunt and fish
Commoners (Third estate)
Vast majority peasants, rural agricultural workers, urban artisans, unskilled day laborers
Tension between nobility and bourgeoisie (upper…
The novel, Sword of Truth by Mervyn Hiskett depicts what only can be described as a revolutionary movement against the Hausa Kings from the 18th to the 19th century. The Islamic movement was centered on the leadership of Shehu Usuman dan Fodio and his commanders. Unlike Shehu, the Hausa Kings lacked leadership and able commanders; and thus, Shehu Dan Fodio’s forces were…
The Marketplace of Revolution: How Consumer Politics Shaped American Independence. By T.H. Breen. (New York, New York: Oxford University Press. 2004. Pp. 380.)
T.H. Breen’s, The Marketplace of Revolution, explores how the consumer revolution that took place in the middle of the eighteenth century was actually one of the first things to set off the American Revolution. He argues that because the colonists shared the role of being consumers, they were able to share in a protest that made imports…
Age of Revolutions
Britain emerged as the first to be an industry state, with people doing more than agricultural jobs. Britain had plenty of coal supply deposits nearby and were also using steam. This made Britain the birthplace of a modern industrial economy. They started the railway which they gave to the world making transportation of people and goods easier. The built bridges over water, they were starting a revolution and opening communities to each other. The Orient Express spanned Europe…
was the American Revolution?
One of the most important American leaders of the American Revolution, George Washington states that the enemy (The British) leaves them no choice but to bravely resist. They either win, or they die… but if they die, they are not dying for no reason but for their country’s honor. A revolution is a sudden or complete marked change in something. Some revolutions may cause little change while others can cause dramatic changes. Lets talk about revolution, in specific, the…