Essay on Turner Syndrome

Submitted By MyCatWorld
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Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome is a genetic condition in which a female does not have the usual pair of two X chromosomes. 1 out of 2000 births have Turner syndrome. It is a chromosomal abnormality in which all part of one of the sex chromosomes is absent. There are characteristic physical abnormalities in females who have Turner syndrome. The risk factors for Turner syndrome are not well known. There is currently no known cause for this genetic disorder. Almost all people with Turner syndrome have short stature and loss of ovarian function, but the severity of these problems varies considerably amongst individuals. The diagnosis includes prenatal and postnatal care. The prognosis includes a series of medical problems. Prenatal, Cardiovascular, Heart disease, Aortic dilation, dissection, and rupture may occur. Also, changes in the skeletal system may arise. Kidney, Thyroid, Diabetes, Cognitive, and reproduction could get hurt if you have Turner Syndrome. The signs of the genetic disorder include a variety of things. In most cases, the female has a short stature. The female may also have Lymphedema, which is the swelling of the hands and feet. Broad chest, low hairline, low-set ears, Amenorrhea, obesity, webbed neck and many others are all symptoms of Turner syndrome. The woman’s general appearance would basically be all of the symptoms listed above. During puberty/reproduction, some teenagers may undergo some breast development and begin menstruating, but cease further development and menses during the later teen years. A few women with Turner syndrome have sometimes normal ovarian function until the mid-20s before ovarian failure occurs. A few spontaneous pregnancies have been reported. It is standard medical practice to treat girls with Turner syndrome with estrogen to induce breast development and other features of puberty if spontaneous puberty does not occur. The history of Turner syndrome goes back to 1938. The syndrome is named after Henry Herbert Turner, and endocrinologist from Illinois. Since then, people were aware of the syndrome. The first published report of the disorder was in 1959 by Dr. Charles Ford and his colleagues. It was found in a young girl in her teen years that had signs of Turner syndrome. The treatment of this disorder is not available. However, there…