An Introduction to Working with Children and Young People
E1. Describe 3 different types of settings which provide care and education for children in your area. This must include 1 example from the statutory sector; voluntary sector; private sector. (5 marks)
E2. Describe how each of the types of settings identified in E1 aims to support children and their families. (5 marks)
A primary school is an example of a statutory service. These services are provided by the government and by law they are available to everyone. It is also a free service as the government uses taxes to pay for the services and wages of the staff. These support the children and families as children have the right to an education. These services also enable the children to extend their development. Statutory services support families because if they are struggling with money it allows their children to have a free education with them being able to work and go out.
The ‘Bernardo’s’ voluntary service is mainly based on money donations that provide care and support towards the children. Usually all money goes towards the charity as they are mainly non-profit making charities. These settings create a safe and nurturing environment that is free to children in England and Northern Ireland. “Every Barnardo's service is different but each believes in the potential in every child and young person, no matter who they are, what they have done or what they have been through.” ( http://www.barnardos.org.uk/what_we_do/our_projects.htm, September, 2013). These services support the children and their families because mainly all services only ask for donations so if the parents cannot the full price of the care they only pay what they can afford as they are designed to better the well being of individuals that may come from unfortunate situations. Private Care services such as private schools or day nurseries are mainly provided by own businesses that look for profit making. They pay is usually direct to employers so they can cover all the costs of the provision such as, the equipment and wages. Private schools are usually more expensive as they cover subjects in more depth. They also may go in to greater detail with religion. This may support religious as they have the option of sending their child to a catholic school. Private care services support children and their families as they provide services that are tailored to very specific needs of individual students, such as, tutoring schools or schools that assist the learning of handicapped children.
E3. Describe the main legislation in your country that supports the rights of children. (5 marks)
The United Nations convention 1989, gives children and young people under the age of 18 their own special rights. They support the rights of children as they seek respect for children, they highlight and defend the family role in children’s lives, they reinforce the importance of fundamental human dignity, they endorse the principle of non-discrimination and lastly they establish clear obligations for member countries to ensure that their legal framework is in line with the provisions of children. (Tassoni, )
The Children’s Act 1989, is wide ranging and covers child protection and parental responsibility as well as inspection of settings. The act was made clear that children and young people’s views had to be taken into consideration when deciding about the future. They support children’s rights as the child’s well being is the most important thing.
The Adoption and Children’s act 2002 aligns adoption laws with the Children’s Act 1989, to make the child’s welfare paramount with the best consideration in all decisions to do with adoption. http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/families/adoption/b0067811/adoption-legislation/adoption-and-children-act-2002 (September , 2013)
This act supports the children’s rights as they encourage