Unit 201 Child And Young Person Development Assignment Essay

Submitted By babslewis
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Child and young person development
City and Guilds Assignment 201
This unit is intended to provide you with knowledge and understanding of children and young person’s development from birth to 19 years

Criteria 1(1.1, 1.2)
Know the main stages of children and young person development
Criteria 2 (2.1, 2.2)
Understand the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development
Criteria 3 (3.1, 3.2, 3.3)
Understand the potential effects of transitions on children and young people’s development

Name: Barbara Lewis
Start date ……………………………………………. End date ………………………………………………..
1.1, 1.2 – Describe the main stages of children and young person development

Physical development
Age range
Description of the stage
An example of how this impacts on other aspects of development
0-3months

Sensorimotor
Grasps objects when they touch the palm of the hand
Developing fine motor skills
3-6 months

Sensorimotor
Can lift and turn head towards sounds and movement
Hearing and eyesight developing as able to recognise sounds and movement
6-9 months

Sensorimotor
Pushes head, neck and chest off floor with arms when on front
Gross motor skills developing
9-12 months

Sensorimotor
Move from sitting with support to sitting alone
More control over their bodies and gross motor skills extending
1-2 years

Preoperational
Beginning to creep, crawl, shuffle on their bottom
Developing a degree of mobility and more control over their bodies
2-4 years

Preoperational
Using their hands for pointing, holding small objects; starting to dress and feed themselves
Increased ability to control their movements, gross and fine motor skills developing
4-7 years

Preoperational
More confident in activities such as running, hopping, kicking a ball
Refining skills developed so far, more control over fine motor skills
7-12 years

Concrete operational Start to have hobbies and interests such as sport and dance
Improved physical skills that have already developed
12-16 years

Concrete operational Solve problems and use good co-ordination skills
Brains developing with increase in reaction times and co-ordination
16-19 years

Concrete operational Have high level of skills in some areas, e.g. drawing or computing
Fine motor skills fully developed

Intellectual development
Age range
Description of the stage
An example of how this impacts on other aspects of development
0-3 months

Initially turns towards a soft light and later stares at a soft light
Able to progress from recognition to fixing their focus
3-6 months

Follows movements of large and smaller objects
Visually able to track smaller objects
6-9 months

Immediately ­fixes sight on small objects close by and reaches out to grasp them
Intellectual progression from visual to physical
9-12 months

Looks in correct place for toys that have rolled out of sight
Able to discern correct place to look from the incorrect, filtering out wrong choices
1-2 years

Turns pages of books, several at a time, enjoys picture books and can point to a named object
Increasingly interested in visual stimulation
2-4 years

Draws man with head, body, arms, legs and features, and will draw house Colours pictures neatly
Becoming skilled and refined use of sensorimotor skills
4-7 years

Developing the ability to think about several things at once, great curiosity in relation to workings of his or her environment
Increased development of their changing interaction to their environment
7-12 years

Can reason and apply logic to problems, can transfer information from one situation and use in another
Cognitive development of how children learn, think and develop ideas
12-16 years

Developing ability to think abstractly, will question sources of information
Developed their use of different ways of representing the world around them
16-19 years

Choices relating to future education and careers being thought about
Able to make individual choices based on personal preferences

Communicational…