Us Supreme Court Essay

Submitted By ladiesman411995
Words: 1143
Pages: 5

MAPP V OHIO Mapp V Ohio is a famous Supreme Court case that has affected many American lives. Police officers suspected Miss Mapp of owning a bomb in her house. The officers attempted an initial visit but failed. After that they returned with a search warrant for a bomb, police forcibly entered the residence, and conducted a search. Obscene materials have been found but no bomb. Miss Mapp was trialed and convicted for these materials. The constitutional issue of the case was whether evidence discovered during a search and seizure conducted in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” In a 6-3 decision, the Court overturned the conviction, and the justices found that the States were in violation of the Fourth Amendment. This famous court case affects many lives even mine. Mapp v Ohio gives more rights to those who are accused. This court case established a greater protection of privacy and protects our natural rights.

GIDEON V WAINRIGHT Gideon V Wainright is a famous Supreme Court case that has affected many American lives. Gideon was charged in a Florida state court for breaking and entering into a poolroom with the intent to commit a misdemeanor. He appeared before the State Court, informing the Court that he was unable to afford an attorney and requested that the Court appoint him one. The Court declined to appoint Gideon an attorney, stating that the only time a defendant is entitled to an attorney is when he is charged with a capital offense. The constitutional issue of the case was whether the Sixth Amendment, “In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense” required indigent defendants be appointed an attorney if so a fair trial that it is made on the states by the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. This famous court case affects many lives even mine. Gideon V Wainright established the right of indigent defendants to have a court appointed attorney. The impact of this case on poor people is huge, it has given them a fair trial.

KOREMATSU V US Korematsu V US is a famous Supreme Court case that has affected many American lives. President Franklin Roosevelt during World War II, ordered all persons of Japanese descent to evacuate the West Coast. Korematsu, a petitioner from Japanese descent was convicted for failing to comply with the order. Korematsu lost many court appeals but later appealed to the United States Supreme Court, challenging the constitutionality of the deportation order. Many Japanese Americans were discriminated and had there rights taken away. All American from Japanese decent were held in internment camps, Congress believed in times of war rights can be taken away. The constitutional issue with the case was whether it within the power of Congress and the Executive to exclude persons of Japanese ancestry from the West Coast. Korematsu argued that basic civil rights had been taken away. The Supreme Court decided that in times of war and present danger rights can be taken away. In 1989 congress gave 20,000$ to each of the approximately 60,000 survivors of the internment camps. This famous court case affects many lives even mine. In times of war and national crisis Congress has the right to take my rights away. Two other court cases that expose…