Let us start with who the Vikings were. The Vikings (from Old Norse víkingr) were a Germanic people who raided, traded, explored, and settled in wide areas of Europe, Asia, and the North Atlantic islands through sea fare, from the late 8th to mid-11th centuries. They employed wooden long ships with wide, shallow-draft hulls, allowing navigation through the rough waters of the ocean or in shallow riverwaters. Now, how about cultures and migration, such as where certain lines of heritage came from? Have you ever asked yourself about the famous Vikings, where they came from, or where they might have gone? While there’s a lot of debate between historians about the Viking expansions, they have a few ideas about the Vikings and their travels. One idea about the reason behind the Viking’s beginning is that they had exceeded the agricultural potential of their homeland, therefore were unable to grow and harvest food any longer. Realizing they needed resources to survive they resorted to desperate measures, such as building ships and taking to the sea. They eventually found land, and proceeded to pillage said found land, taking the food and supplies that they’d need to survive, along with raping the people of that land, and moving on to do so again in another place. Alternatively, some people propose that the Viking expansion was driven by a youth bulge effect. Since traditions said the eldest son of the family inherited the estates, the younger sons were forced to look toward immigrating or engaging in raids for something to do with their life. But there’s a problem with these ideas; there was no rise in population, youth bulge, or decrease in agricultural production during this period have been definitively demonstrated, meaning that their raping and pillaging seems to have become more of something that they just did. Also, it is not clear why such pressures would have driven them to other lands instead of the vast Scandinavian Peninsula on the land which they already lived, although perhaps immigration or sea raids turned out to be easier or more profitable than clearing large forested areas for farming or ranches in a land where growing season was limited, and ranching was hard. Maybe the Scandinavians practiced selective procreation, leading to a shortage of women. This may have been the main reason for their immigrations, in hope that they would find wives to bear their children. The problem is this would not explain why they decided to settle in separate countries, as they could have brought their wives back to Scandinavia with them. The word Viking was introduced into Modern English during the 18th century as a romanticized term for “barbarian warrior” or “noble savage.” During the 20th century, the meaning of the term was expanded to refer not only to seaborne raiders from Scandinavia, but secondarily to any Scandinavian who lived during the period from the late 8th to the mid-11th centuries. The word (as an adjective) is used to refer to ideas, phenomena or artefacts connected with Scandinavians and their cultural life in these centuries. During the Viking Age, Scandinavian men and women travelled to many parts of Europe and beyond, in a cultural diaspora that let its traces from Newfoundland to Byzantium. But this time of energetic activity also had a pronounced effect in the Scandinavian homelands that were subject to a variety of new influences. Royal dynasties legitimised by the Catholic Church in the 11th century began asserting their power with increasing authority and ambition. The three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden had taken shape and towns appeared, functioning as secular and ecclesiastical administrative centresand market sites. Monetary economies began to emerge based on English
To blend into the Viking village as being a time traveller from the 21st century you must be able to know how they lived and the culture from that period, it is not an easy process as us being evolved around technology and more sources than they had, to make life easy for us. I believe that the most important elements that a person must know about a Vikings daily life would be:
The values and beliefs as there are about 8 different gods that had to be looked upon; each god has a role of importance…
The Vikings’ culture had many traditions that formed to create a collective identity that, in turn, served to shape individual identities. Some cultural influences came from the roles of family members, religion, ceremonies, language and different animal symbols. There was also beautiful craftsmanship that was able to survive centuries for the modern world to see. Though the Vikings culture evolved with every time they plundered a new country, they kept many old traditions. The transition…
western half, as eastern Mercia was then part of the Viking-ruled Danelaw. Æthelred's ancestry is unknown. He was probably the leader of an unsuccessful Mercian invasion of Wales in 881, and soon afterwards he acknowledged the lordship of King Alfred the Great of Wessex. The alliance was cemented by the marriage of Æthelred to Alfred's daughter Æthelflæd.
In 886 Alfred took possession of London, which had suffered greatly from several Viking occupations; as it had traditionally been a Mercian town…
that he was the first European to claim this land as part of an Imperialistic expansion or is it merely out of convenience for the history books? It is known that the American continent was populated by 1000 AD which is long before settlements by Viking fisherman and even longer before the arrival of Columbus. In spite of this fact every October, we as a culture celebrate a holiday in honor of the man who is believed to be "the discoverer" of America. Like so many other aspects of enculturation past…
Vikings: How Religion Propelled Warring and Expansion
David Whitley Thomas
University of Memphis, Sociology of Religion 3860
December 2, 2014
Vikings would be the better term for the North Germanic Tribes, who were some of the most defiant, unpredictable, misunderstood and proud people to rome the medieval landscape. Their influential touch was spread from North America all the way to Black Sea. They terrorized and shaped the medieval Europe throughout most of the third century BCE…
Ordinary World: Hiccup is a young boy who lives on the Island of Berk (a mythical viking world). He is not like the normal vikings who live there. It seems that he is never able to do anything right. This frustrates Hiccup because his father is the chief and he wants to become the kind of person that he is. On their island, dragons come and steal their food. Hiccup wishes to kill a dragon to show that he is a true viking.
The Call to Adventure: During one of the dragon fights, Hiccup feels the urge…
What Colour is the Sky on Mars?
Richard Hoagland states that when Viking Landed on
Mars, the initial pictures showing a Grey/Bluish sky
(left) were deliberately changed, in the 1st 2 hours, to
show the reddish colour (right).
l Barry E. DiGregorio and Dr Gilbert V. Levin
corroborate this story in a book called Mars: The Living
Planet (ISBN: 1883319587)
Viking Surface Pictures - 2
Holger Isenberg has taken original Viking Lander image data and reprocessed…
ON THE ROAD TO COLLAPSE
What lessons can we learn from a vanished Viking society?
Most of the Norse people lived on farms and in longhouses that were about 30 meters long (large hall like buildings). The walls were made of timber or stone and a thick turf roof to retain heat. In the very center of the house was the fire pit (hearth), to heat and provide light to everyone inside. Family members, live stock and farm workers all lived under the same roof, and originally it was one single room but eventually they made it into several rooms. The town people lived close…
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VIKING INVESTMENTS (Principals)
ROLE FOR PAT OLAFSON
You run Viking Investments, a U.S. corporation that
has been primarily involved in real estate
Your investments and development projects tend to
be concentrated in the area surrounding Edgewater,
Illinois, an affluent town in a rural area. Viking is one
of six major developers in the local area, who