Chapter 2 1. Empires conquered many cities, and collected taxes from each former city state. City states, on the other hand, were in control of a smaller land area, compared to the empire. 2. The Indo-European migration resulted in the migration of several inventions, including chariots and iron metallurgy. It also resulted in the development of empires like the Hittites and Persians.
Chapter 3 1. There were not as many cities in the Nile River valley, compared to Mesopotamia. Yet when they did develop, Egypt was unified, just like Mesopotamia. 2. They were very similar. Both were very rigorous. However, instead of urban kings, the Egyptians all recognized