Essay on World Trade

Submitted By ikeara25
Words: 2253
Pages: 10

sept.1,2001 That morning nineteen affiliated with al­Qaeda hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners
. Each team of hijackers included a trained pilot . The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners (
United Airlines Flight 175 and
American Airlines
Flight 11
) into the
World Trade Center in
New York City
, one plane into each tower), resulting in the collapse of both buildings soon afterward and extensive damage to nearby buildings. The hijackers crashed a third airliner (
American Airlines Flight 77
) into the Pentagon in
Arlington
County, Virginia
, near
Washington, D.C. Passengers and members of the flight crew on the fourth aircraft (
United Airlines Flight 93
) attempted to retake control of their plane from the hijackers that plane crashed into a field near the town of
Shanksville
in rural
Somerset County,
Pennsylvania
. In addition to the 19 hijackers,
2,974 people died as an immediate result of the attacks, and the death of at least one person from lung disease was ruled by a medical examiner to be a result of exposure to WTC dust Another 24 people are missing and presumed dead. The victims were predominantly civilians .
Four commercial airliners were hijacked en route to
California
from
Logan International
,
Dulles
International
, and
Newark
airports. Each of the airliners had a jet fuel capacity of nearly 24,000
U.S. gallons (91,000 liters). Two of the airliners were flown into the World Trade Center, one each into the North and South towers, one was flown into the Pentagon, and the fourth crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
American Airlines Flight 11
, a
Boeing 767­200 wide­body aircraft
, crashed into the northern side of the North Tower of the World Trade Center (WTC) at 8:46:30 a.m. local time (
Eastern
Daylight Time
, 12:46:30
UTC
), hitting at the 94­98th floors
United Airlines Flight 175
, a Boeing 767­200, crashed into the 78­84th floors of the South
Tower at 9:02:59 a.m. local time (13:02:59 UTC), an event covered live by television broadcasters and amateur filmers from around the world who had their cameras trained on the buildings after the earlier crash
American Airlines Flight 77
, a
Boeing 757­200 crashed into the Pentagon at 9:37:46 a.m. local time (13:37:46 UTC).
United Airlines Flight 93
, a Boeing 757­200,crashed in a field in southwest Pennsylvania just outside of Shanksville, about 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., at 10:03:11
a.m. local time (14:03:11 UTC). The crash in Pennsylvania resulted from the passengers of the airliner attempting to regain control from the hijackers.Three buildings in the World Trade
Center Complex collapsed due to structural failure on the day of the attack. The south tower (2
WTC) fell at approximately 9:59 a.m., after burning for 56 minutes in a fire caused by the impact of United Airlines Flight 175, and the north tower (1 WTC) collapsed at 10:28 a.m., after burning for approximately 102 minutes. A third building,
7 World Trade Center (7 WTC) collapsed at 5:20 p.m., after being heavily damaged by debris from the Twin Towers when they fell. During the hijacking some passengers and crew members were able to make phone calls using the cabin
GTE
airphone service. They reported that several hijackers were aboard each plane.
The terrorists reportedly took control of the aircraft by using knives and box­cutter knives to kill flight attendants and at least one pilot or passenger, including the captain of Flight 11,
John
Ogonowski
.Some form of noxious chemical spray, such as tear gas or pepper spray
, was reported to have been used on American 11 and United 175 to keep passengers out of the first­class

cabin.
[20]

Bomb threats were made on three of the aircraft, but not on American 77. According to the
9/11 Commission Report
, the bombs…