Essay on World War 2 Terms

Submitted By Nick670
Words: 1415
Pages: 6

The Panama Canal
­ A canal that connects the Pacific and Atlantic ocean and goes through the
country of Panama
Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine
­ Stated that the U.S. would intervene in any issues
involving nations of the western Hemisphere.
Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”
­
the system in which support is given only to countries whose moral
beliefs are analogous to that of the nation.
Wilson’s Neutrality Policy
­ Wilsons advocation of neutrality rather than declaring war on Germany.
Sinking of the Lusitania
­ A german u­boat sank an American passenger vessel ending U.S. neutrality.
Triple Entente/Triple Alliance
­
Triple Entente: alliance linking the Russian Empire, the French Third
Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland / Triple Alliance: a military alliance
among Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy
Zimmerman Telegram
­ a message intercepted by Britain that contained Germany asking Mexico to
attack the U.S.
Committee on Public Information
­ an independent agency of the U.S. government created to
influence public opinion about WW1
National War Labor Board
­ an agency created in two increments, Woodrow Wilson made the first
during WW1, and Franklin D. Roosevelt created the second during WW2.
Trench Warfare
­

Trench warfare is a form of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting
largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's fir
e
Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
­ Wilson passed his “14 points” for a safer world and
created the Treaty of Versailles, which created the League of Nations, in order to prevent wars in the
future, unfortunately the U.S. did not join the League of Nations.
Treaty of Brest­Litovsk
­
The Treaty of Brest­Litovsk brought about the end of the war between
Russia and Germany in 1918.
Harding Scandals
­ A bribery scandal, Harding leased navy petroleum reserves to private oil
companies.
U.S. Economy after the Great War
­
a shift in the landscape of ideas about economics and about the
proper role of government in economic activities.
The 1920 U.S. Census
­ determined that the U.S. population increased by 15%
The Urban/Rural Divide
­
the widening rift between rural and urban America
Radio and Movies
­ New technology during this time period that helped americans get information
more quickly.
Mass Advertising
­ During this time period radio became a form of mass advertising, used to get the
populations support for the war.
Harlem Renaissance
­
An arts and culture movement in the black community, During this period
Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and
scholars.
Ku Klux Klan
­ An American hate group that advocated white power and committed many atrocities.
“Flappers” and the New Woman
­
Flappers were a "new breed" of young
Western
women in the
1920s who wore short skirts,
bobbed
their hair, listened to
jazz
, and flaunted their disdain for what was
then considered acceptable behavior
National Origins Act of 1924 ­
Limited the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
Hemingway and the “Lost Generation”
­ Hemingway used this term to describe the people who
came of age during World War I
Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover
Stock Market Speculation / buying on Margin
­ Banks would loan 9% for every 1% the borrower
could deposit up front, as a result when they called in the loans nobody could pay them.
“Black Tuesday”
­ Another name for the stock market crash in 1929.

Hoover’s “Voluntary Cooperation”
­ Hoover influenced policies by having “voluntary cooperation”
with his ideas.
The New Deal
­
The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States
between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later.
Fireside Chats
­
The fireside chats were a series of thirty evening radio addresses given by United
States…