Good Morning, class and Mrs Braithwaite, today I am going to be talking to you about a section of the constitution, specifically section 51 (xxi). First I will give you a bit of surrounding knowledge about where this section is in the constitution, and what it does. | Section 51 is in the first of 8 chapters, which sets up the legislative part of the government, the parliament. And is in part 5 of this chapter, which lays out the powers of the parliament. This part of the constitution includes everything from “51. Legislative powers of the Parliament, 52. Exclusive powers of the Parliament, 53. Powers of the Houses in respect of legislation, 54. Appropriation Bills, 55. Tax Bill, 56. Recommendation of money votes, 57. Disagreement between the Houses, 58. Royal assent to Bills, Recommendations by Governor-General, 59. Disallowance by the Queen, 60. Signification of Queen's pleasure on Bills Reserved.” | Section 51 is the legislative powers of the parliament, these powers are called ‘specific powers’, and contain concurrent powers, which means that both the commonwealth and states can legislate, though if a state law contradicts the federal law, then it becomes void under section 109 of the constitution. Section 51 includes 39 ‘heads of power’ which the commonwealth can make laws about. | My Oral is based on Section 51 subsection 21 (xxi) which states “The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to: (xx) (xxi) Marriage (xxii)” Note that here, no definition or details are given as to what marriage is or means, I will discuss this later in my oral. | The Following are two case studies, one displaying an unsuccessful argument based around section 51 (xxi) and the powers of the commonwealth to make laws in regards to this, and where departments have attempted to rely on a section of the constitution to build a case, where it is decided that it does not actually apply. The other is a case challenging elements (sections 89-94) of the 1961 marriage act. This act was passed to give specific laws in regards to marriage, as the constitution simply states that the commonwealth is permitted to make laws, but does not provide any details. | My first case is from 1980, and the two parties are not usual in terms of a constitutional case in the high courts. For this case that is: The queen vs LambertAbout: In QLD under the “children’s services act 1965-1979 (Q)” a young girl was removed from her parents and admitted to the care and protection of the director of the QLD department of children’s services. Later, an order of the family court under section 10 of the family law act, which looks at resolving family disputes, awarded custody back to her father. | Argument was That sect 10 of the family law court act was beyond the scope and invalid to hear and determine and application by the father (who is married) for the custody of child (of the marriage) when the child is in care of the director of QLD children’s services.The justices together That the family law court order (that awarded the father custody) took legal precedent over the state wardship law (which enabled the child to be removed from her father in the first place) | EXPLAIN: It may seem that this case does not have much of a link with my section of the constitution, and you know what, that is correct. Even the chief justice stated that the QLD dept children’s services had no grounds to argue that section 51 xxi had to do with this case. The only reason that it was bought in may have been as a last stint to attempt to try to keep the child out of its parents’ custody. And as the parents were married, this is how it related. So in actual fact this case is an example of where my section has been used in the courts as the basis for an argument unsuccessfully. | I will now move on to my second case. This is a case from 1962 and is between the Victorian Attorney general…
1965 models with production beginning in Dearborn, Michigan on March 9, 1964; the new car was introduced to the public on April 17, 1964 at the New York World's Fair.
Executive stylist John Najjar, who was a fan of the World War II P-51 Mustang fighter plane, is credited by Ford to have suggested the name. Najjar co-designed the first prototype of the Ford Mustang known as Ford Mustang I in 1961, working jointly with fellow Ford stylist Philip T. Clark. The Mustang I made…
I-Search Paper By: Matthew Allen Hiner My topic is on Area 51 conspiracies. This is a picture of Area 51 also known as Groom Lake. The thing that I researched the most on area 51 was the OXCART Project. The OXCART program concept began in7reliminary design study effort involving Lockheed and Convair focusingollow-on toircraft. In9 this study phase was completedreliminary contract award to Lockheed. Inontract was awarded tohitney for the development of8 engine. In2 the first aircraft was rolled out…
commander), who work as the Carswell Air Force Base(Forth Worth) on July 8, 1947
-remains sent to Army force base and identified by Warrant Officer Irving Newton, who identified it as a weather balloon used for forecasting and such.
-'witnesses s' just claimed it was a flying saucer BUT described parts of a weather balloon.
-there is only really one 'eye witness'- Rancher W. W. Brazel- and he also describes parts of weather balloon, the reason behind him and others thinking it was a flying saucer…
By: Haley Kowalski
The government’s job is to keep us safe, right? In turn they should have to tell us if something happens. What they discovered at area 51 should not be confidential. It affects us all either directly or indirectly. Some may panic if there happens to be other life forms on earth but, we need to face the facts that Americans deserve to know what’s happening behind closed doors.
Some say the biggest secret about Area 51 is that it was never a secret at all. Some…
to exercise level of appr professional care
Loss causes by breach contract
Failure to exercise level of appr professional care
Material Misstatement on F/S
Loss cause by reliance on MM F/S
MM on F/S ** no need to show reliance on f/s
MM on F/S
Loss cause by reliance on MM F/S
Auditor were are MM and acted with intent (scienter)
Ordinary negligence is lack of reasonable care
Gross negligence is lack of minimal care (similar to constructive fraud)…
Unit SCH 51 Use and development systems that promote communication
There are a number of different ways in which as a manager I would use to communicate with the many people that I come into contact with.
Verbal communication is a very important in my view especially when dealing with a service user. This allows the person that the message is meant for to feel valued and to feel like it is a more personal approach. Verbal communication could also be via telephone conversations…
Synopsis of Area 51
26th March 2014
The creation of Area 51 began in April of 1955, when a Lockheed test pilot, Tony LeVier, searched for a remote site to test the U-2. Grooms Lake is there has been speculation in the media for the last fifty year about paranormal activity at Area 51 near Roswell, New Mexico. The Roswell incident has brought about conspiracy theories that have reached the highest levels of government. The truth about the alleged UFO sightings and…
Chapter: Chapter 51: Management of Patients With Immunodeficiency
1. A healthy high school athlete is diagnosed with fever and cellulitis of the right knee. The infection is resistant to oral antibiotics. He then develops osteomyelitis of the right knee. If untreated, the infection could result in
A) Severe neutropenia
B) Decrease white blood cells
C) Normal creatinine clearance
D) A fungal infection
Client Needs: A-2