Abortion Elliot Essay

Submitted By dbrooks14
Words: 1560
Pages: 7

Abortion

Elliot

February 25, 2011

1.37 million Abortions are performed in the United State yearly; abortion is the induced or spontaneous explosion of a fetus before it is viable. When it comes to abortion in the U.S. the members over very high for Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics, there is no boundary on abortion. When these women are women are having an abortion they are not thinking about the generations they are wiping out or the toll it will have on their lives emotionally mentally and physically in a negative. Before the nineteenth century, most Of the United States had no specific abortion laws. Women were able to end a pregnancy prior to viability with the assistance of medical personnel. Beginning with the Connecticut Statute followed by an 1829 New York law; the next twenty years saw the enactment of a series of law restricting abortion, punishing providers, and, in some cases, punishing the women who were seeking the abortion. From 1900buntil the 1960s, abortions were prohibited by law. In 1965, 265 deaths occurred due to illegal abortions. Of all pregnancy-related complications in New York and California, twenty percent were due to abortions. A series of US Supreme Court decisions granted increased rights to women and ensured their right to choice. In 1973, Roe versus Wade law ruled that a woman had the right to an abortion during the first two trimesters of pregnancy. Harry Blackmun cited the safety of the procedures and the basic right of women to make their own decisions. There are five different types of abortions that women can choose from. The first being suction aspiration in which, a surgical procedure performed during the first six to twelve weeks of gestation. It is also referred to as suction curettage or vacuum aspiration. The abortion provider may administer pain medication and misoprostol in preparation of the procedure. The patient will lie on their back with their feet in stirrups and a speculum is inserted into the vagina to open the vagina. A local anesthetic is administered into cervix. Then a tenacclum is used to hold the cervix in place for dilation by cone shaped rods. When the cervix is wide enough; a cannula, a long plastic tube connected to a suction device, is inserted into the uterus to suction out the fetus and placenta. The procedure usually last about ten to fifteen minutes, but recovery may require staying at the clinic for a few hours. Common side effects that follow this procedure include cramping, nausea, sweating, and feeling faint. Less frequent side effects comprise of possible heavy or prolonged bleeding, blood clots damage to the cervix and perforation of the uterus. Infection due to retain products of conception or infection caused by a Sexually Transmitted Diseases or bacteria being introduced to the uterus can cause fever, pain, abdominal tenderness and possibly scar tissue. Dilation and curettage is another type of abortion. It is a surgical abortion performed during the first twelve to fifteen weeks of gestation. It is similar to suction aspiration with the introduction of a curette. A curette is a long looped shaped knife that scrapes the lining, placenta and fetus away from the uterus. A cannula may be inserted for final suctioning. Dilation and evacuation is an abortion performed during the fifteen to twenty-one weeks of the gestational period. Twenty-four hours prior to the actual procedure the patient’s abortion provider will insert laminaria or a synthetic dilator inside the cervix when the procedure begins the following day. The abortion provider will clamp a tenacclum to the cervix to keep the uterus in place and cone-shaped rods of increasing size are used to continue the dilation process. The cannula is inserted to begin removing tissue away from the lining. Then using a curette, the lining is scraped to remote any residuals. The last step is usually a final suctioning to make sure that the…