Professor Gerald Jackson
9 March 2015
Abuse vs. Discipline: Annotated Bibliography
Kotz, Deborah. "Adrian Peterson Raises Question: When Does Physical Discipline Become
Child Abuse? The Boston Globe."BostonGlobe.com. The Boston Globe, 17 Sept.
2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2015. In the article, Kotz addresses how states have differing laws on what accounts for punishment and what qualifies as abuse. Using Texas and Massachusetts as examples, the author connects states’ views on abuse to the Adrian Peterson case. In Texas, parents have the right to use physical punishment to discipline their children but state law does not define when a parent has gone too far, whereas in Massachusetts physical punishment is given boundaries. This is where the case with Adrian Peterson comes in. Peterson punished his 4year old son with a tree branch.
A punishment he also received when he acted out as a child.Though he claims he did not mean to injure him, photos showed several red welts across his son’s back. As a reporter, Deborah Kotz has been with “The Boston Globe” for over twenty years. Her main focus is on health topics and she writes the Daily Dose column at “The Boston Globe”. She was also a senior writer for “US
News and World Report” for 5 years.The paper fits into the project because it focuses on child abuse versus discipline, and this article gives a good example of the argument.
Mackenbach JD, Ringoot AP, van der Ende J, Verhulst FC, Jaddoe VWV, et al. (2014) Exploring the Relation of Harsh Parental Discipline with Child Emotional and
Behavioral Problems by Using Multiple Informants. The Generation R Study. PLoS
ONE 9(8): e104793. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104793 In the article, the authors talk about how harsh discipline can lead to mental health problems. It is mentioned how parental influences have a large impact on the emotional and behavioral aspects of a child. Parents using physical punishment on their children such as, pinching or hitting often result in the child being more violent towards his/her peers. This article includes the Generation
R study, this study was given to mothers with a due date between April 2002 and January 2006.
They gave a questionnaire to expecting mothers through mail when the children turned three asking about what was acceptable punishment for that particular age of child. Through this study they found that parents yelled at the kids calling them “dumb” or “I threatened to hit my child or spank him but never did”. Some parents actually physically disciplined their child by spanking or pinching them when they did something wrong. These same children were invited to their research center in Rotterdam at the age of six to analyze the emotional and behavioral problems these children had received from this discipline by their parents. The researchers also took into account the childs at home environment which would include if the child’s parents were divorced, smoking, and if the child had siblings. The outcome of this study showed that children
that have experienced harsh physical discipline and have been exposed to vocal aggression of both or either parent are more at risk for emotional or behavioral problems. This Source is credible because it is from Academic Search Premier, found in an academic journal. The authors all helped with the research that went into the Generation R Study. They all contributed to the information found in this article. This article fits into our paper well. It gives us statistical information about what harsh discipline can do to a child mentally and what the outcomes may be if we do punish them harshly. Doriane Lambelet Coleman et al., Where and How to Draw the Line Between Reasonable
Corporal Punishment and