Literature of Slavery During the 19th century America was enduring one of its first extreme economic advances as well as a major and detrimental division of its citizens. Northern Americans wanted to abolish slavery due to Federal Government and economic reasons. The South wanted to keep slavery because it was the main source of income for the entire nation. Not only were slaves struggling to fight for their freedom, but women were as well. Women had a fractional amount of freedom compared to the average American man, and were set on defending their equality rights. This essay will discuss these points and analyze how these events progressed America to be the country of freedom that we know today. Though Northerners have acquired a modern reputation for looking like “the-good-guys” from demanding the abolishment of slavery, the demand was not formed out of a sense of moral guilt. Northerners had to pay factory workers and worry about labor laws and regulations. While in the South, slave owners did not have to worry about labor laws. The factories in the North were much more dangerous and the employees would usually have long hours and little pay, which would make productivity hazardous and inefficient. Although slavery was morally wrong and the work was hard, there were many slaves paid in land by their master. Many also had better living conditions than the factory workers. This sparked Northern factory owners, who had the main political control and power in the North, to demand the South abolish slavery. Northerners were making it seem like slaves had a cushy lifestyle once they were free. Yet even freed slaves were not receiving equality and vast new prospects in the North. Racism did not cease to exist in the North during or after the Civil War. It is a common myth that the North was welcoming freed slaves with jobs, land and opportunities. Northerners simply wanted the South’s economic power to be brought down and to have the government implement more regulations on them. Meanwhile, in the South, over 60 percent of the world’s supply of cotton was being distributed from the production of the plantations in the South. This was obviously a major benefit to the nation’s economy. There was no incentive for Southerners to agree with the North, because without slaves, they would be losing their profit. Black Americans were either slaves in the South, struggling to find livelihood as a freed slave, or being put through the terrible and unsafe working conditions in the North. There was no “better” treatment for them, slave or free. There was so much turmoil between North and South, free states and slave states, abolitionists and slave owners; citizens of the country began writhing with passionate hate for whoever didn’t agree with their beliefs. Generally, every person was concerned solely for what they thought was best for themselves. The North and South were unwavering, refusing to compromise, which eventually led to the Civil War. The country was torn in all different directions and tensions were high between anyone of opposing views. While up North, states were feeding off of the success of railroads, factories and other industrial advantages. The South remained much more rural and relied on the cotton plantations to provide economic growth. The South needed to find a way of compromising with the North in order to have access to railroads and even expand them. The North needed to compromise with the South in order to level the economic playing field. Yet, neither would budge. The South was not completely pro-slavery and many historians will ignore the Southerners who spoke out against slavery. One of the most famous Southern abolitionists was Angelina E. Grimke. She wrote From Appeal to the Christian Women of the South in 1836 as an effort to project her ideas on why slavery is morally wrong. She specifically reached out to Southern women and wrote in simple language so that she
Slavery in the United States existed from the early years of the colonial period; it was firmly established by the time the United States sought independence from Great Britain in 1776. However, by 1804, all states north of the Mason and Dixon Line had either abolished slavery outright or passed laws for the gradual abolition of slavery. In 1787 Congress prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory. But slavery gained new life in the South with the cotton industry after 1800, and expanded into the…
Honors Writing Workshop
American Slavery Essay-Final Draft
27 October 2014
Imagine waking up in a world where everyday you are forced to downright abide by another man’s command at all times. One would most likely figure that this person would be a prisoner of some sort. Now, imagine the person being commanded is one who has done no wrong and has committed no crimes. If one falls under this specific category, you could consider them a slave. A slave is someone who must stand by any orders…
Book Review 2
American Slavery, American Freedom
Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: WW Norton & Company, 1975.
Edmund Sears Morgan, an acclaimed author, historian, and former professor at Yale University, seeks to investigate the “marriage of slavery and freedom” (6). Morgan’s book American Slavery, American Freedom was written for an academic audience. Morgan explains that American Slavery, American Freedom is the story of…
The institution of slavery is as old as man itself. Men have been enslaving each other since they invented gods to forgive them for it. No culture shows that better than the American people, other than perhaps the Egyptians, as we have enslaved entire tribes of people simply because we could. For decades Africans where forced out of there homes into an unknown land and forced to work for us. Of course eventually this practice of capture died of but its fruits were still used as a major economic source…
American Slavery 1619-1877
“American Slavery, 1619-1877” by Peter Kolchin gives an overview of the practice of slavery in America between 1619 and 1877. From the origins of slavery in the colonial period to the road to its abolition, the book explores the characteristics of slave culture as well as the racial mind-sets and development of the old South’s social structures.
This paper is divided in two sections. The first…
Fall of Slavery in the New World
Author: David Brion Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
• Ties together a number of historical, philosophical, and sociological issues
• Generally very readable and informative
• Includes background information on Western slavery in general
• Narrative is a bit disorganized at times and wanders in some places
• History of American slavery and the issues surrounding it
• Describes slavery as a process…
Mr. Homan, p. 6
Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox
In the article Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox by Edmund S. Morgan, it is professed clearly that the notion of American freedom contradicts itself due to the rights placed by the Americans on the slaves. This is seen in the beginning of the article when it talks about Jefferson’s controversy and paradox. Although Jefferson advocated freedom of all people, he himself kept slaves in his house. This is…
Slavery in the United States was a form of unfree labor which existed as a legal institution in North America for more than a century before the founding of the United States in 1776, and continued mostly in the South until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. Most slaves were black and were held by whites, although some Native Americans and free blacks also held slaves; there were a small number of white slaves as well.
. Slavery spread to the areas…
Throughout history, slavery has been the controversial social expression of the human desire for control and superiority. This notion set the base for monolithic slavery systems which are designed around the needs, beliefs and tradition of the culture that develops them. In particular, Native American systems of slavery represent the development from that design, how it integrates itself in the society, and also how it adapts to the social changes that surrounds them, in this case, the contact with…
economics, and culture of slavery both in the White House and in the Supreme Court and the outrageous differences in opinions the North and South had the Civil War was in fact inevitable. The South was strongly determined about wanting to keep slavery a thriving business. They also wanted it to spread in to the North. The North disagreed completely and wanted nothing to do with slavery other than getting it to be completely abolished all throughout the states.
The American Civil War was fought from…