Behavioral Systems Theory:
Zerz, E. (2008). Behavioral systems theory. Aachen University. Retrieved from http://www.matwbn.icm.edu.pl/ksiazki/amc/amc18/amc1831.pdf J.C. Williams who founded behavioral systems theory came up with the central idea that this theory is to put the focus on a set of trajectories of a dynamical system rather than on a specific set of equations modeling the underlying phenomenon.
Developmental Systems Theory:
Robert, L. (2011). Developmental systems theory: accounting for stability and variability at different time scales. Retrieved from http://www.psychology.uiowa.edu/cd-conference/lickliter.ppt 19th century novelist, Satirist and biologist Samuel Butler said “life is like giving a concert on the violin while learning to play the instrument.” Butler said that development occurs “in the middle of things” was a brilliant observation and highlights a key insight common to both dynamic systems and connectionist approaches to development.
Dynamical Systems Theory:
Sportsscience. (2003). Dynamical systems theory: a relevant framework for performance oriented sports biomechanical research. Retrieved from http://www.sportsci.org/jour/03/psg.htm Dynamical systems theorists claim that the number of biomechanical degrees of freedom of the motor system is dramatically reduced through the development of coordinative structures or temporary assemblages of muscle complex (Turvey, 1990). A reduced dimensionality of the motor system encourages the development of functions that support goal directed actions.
Ecological Systems Theory:
Ann, R. (2009). Ecological systems theory as applied to family caregivers of ageing adults. University of texas. Retrieved from http://www.socialworkleaders.org/.../Ann_Wilder_Ecological_System_Theory.pdf This theory focuses on an individual as part of and integrating with other systems. This is a study of how organisms relate to their natural environment. It’s based on the belief that people are in constant interaction with the environment and are encircled within networks that can impact a person or group in both positive and negative ways.
Family Systems Theory:
Genopro. (1998-2011). Family systens theory. Retrieved from http://www.genopro.com/genogram/family-systems-theory/ Dr. Murray Bowen suggested that an individual cannot be understood in isolation from one another, rather as a part of their family. A family is a system in which each member has a role to play and rules to respect. Maintaining patterns of behavior in a system may lead to balance in the family system.
General Systems Theory:
Walonick, D.S. (1993). General systems theory. Retrieved from http://www.statpac.org/walonick/systems-theory.htm Biologist Ludwig Von Bertalanffy in 1928 came up with a system that multiple components could be broken down into individual components so that each component could be analyzed as an independent entity and then the components could be added in a linear fashion to describe the totality of a system.
Human Systems Theory:
Anderson, H. (2000). Carl Rogers.