Essay about answers q2

Submitted By cslaton921
Words: 1829
Pages: 8

1. Question :
Which of the following makes it difficult to calculate the utility of an act
Student Answer: the time frame of the consequences disagreements about the meaning of pleasure or happiness INCORRECT determining what constitutes the greatest good CORRECT all of the above Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in section 2.1 of Understanding Philosophy Question 2. Question :
According to the video “Meet Your Meat”, which of the following is not true of how animals are slaughtered on factory farms
Student Answer: They are driven in extreme weather conditions without food or water They are often still conscious while being slaughtered They are often roughly handled and severely injured by the time they make it to slaughter CORRECT They are ensured every means of avoiding fear and stress during the slaughtering process. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found at 1:44, 2:08, 4:50, 6:25, 9:24, 10:28, and 11:03 in the video “Meet Your Meat”
Question 3. Question :
Tom Regan discusses the concept of indirect duties. Having only indirect duties towards animals means Student Answer: CORRECT That we have a duty not to harm animals but only because of the harm it might do to humans That we have no duties regarding animals whatsoever INCORRECT That our duties towards animals are equal to our duties towards humans That we actually have greater duties to animals than to humans Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 2 of Tom Regan’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Question 4. Question :
According to Mill, utilitarian morality holds that:
Student Answer: INCORRECT If each individual strives to maximize their own happiness, the happiness of all will follow. Each individual is required to sacrifice their own individual happiness for the happiness of all. CORRECT With the right social arrangements and education, individuals can come to associate their own individual happiness with the happiness of all. Neither the happiness of the individual nor the happiness of all is worth pursuing, since neither is attainable in this life. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found in John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism, p. 12. Question 5. Question :
Tom Regan’s view of animals is that
Student Answer: They are important but not quite as important as human beings CORRECT They have rights, which means that they should never be used for human purposes They may be ethically used because they were bred and raised for that purpose That they may be eaten because do not have souls like we do and are lower on the food chain Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 1 of Tom Regan’s “The Case for Animal Rights” Question 6. Question :
Which of the following does Peter Singer assert about the principle of equality? Student Answer: People should have equal rights because they are factually equal. People with higher abilities, it stands to reason, should have greater rights. INCORRECT Different groups of humans should have equal rights if scientific investigation proves that there are no genetic differences in their abilities. CORRECT It is a prescription that we should treat people equally regardless of their differing abilities. Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 2-3 of Peter Singer’s “All Animals are equal
7. Question :According to Tom Regan, which of the following should compel us to accept the equal rights of animals?

Student Answer: Sentiment – our feelings for the welfare of animals INCORRECT Law – legal regulations requiring us to respect the rights of animals CORRECT Reason – this theory has the best reasons on its side Religion – the laws of God mandate human compassion Instructor Explanation: The answer can be found on p. 4 and 8 of Tom Regan’s