II. Profit and Piety: competing Visions for English settlement
. In 1644 John Winthrop learns that Native Americans had overrun the tobacco plantations of Virginia. When asked to help John Winthrop replies with a no.
. In 1675 Native Americans declare all-out war against the New Englanders.
III. Breaking Away
. 1580 through 1650 showed major population growth in England.
i. England's population expanded from 3.5 million to 5 million.
. In 1688 the Glorious Revolution resulted in the permanent exile of King James the second.
i. The Glorious Revolution also resulted in the surrendering of powers to parliament.
III. The Chesapeake: Dreams of wealth
. After The failed Roanoke colony in 1590 The English lost interest in American settlement.
. Aging Visionaries such as Richard Hakluyt kept the dream of colonies in the New World alive.
IV. Entrepreneurs in Virginia
. Joint-stock companies solved the major problem of colonization which was raising money
. First charter was issued by the king in 1606 for the colonization Virginia.
. The most unsuccessful village in America, Jamestown, was founded.
II. Spinning out of Control
. Virginia was on a course similar to Roanoke, if it hadn't been for John Smith then the Virginia colony might have suffered the same fate.
. John Smith spent time trading with the local Indians getting food and also mapping the Chesapeake bay while members of Jamestown debated politics.
. During the winter of 1609-1610 (Starving Time) The colonists were in a major shortage of food and resorted to cannibalism. Along with danger colonists also faced the most powerful confederation Indians east of the Mississippi, the Powhatans
. The Powhatans attack once in 1622 and again in 1644 and after the second attack the empire fell apart.
III. "Stinking Weed"
. Before John Rolfe only Indians cultivate tobacco, John Rolfe helped Virginia find a cash crop to make money from.
. Colonist who paid their own transportation cost to America received a headright.
i. Headright- A 50 acre lot for which they paid only a small annual rent.
IV. Time of Reckoning
. 1619-1622 colonist arrived in Virginia in record numbers.
i. 3,750 people were sent to the colony in that time frame.
. Indentured servants were promised land at the moment of freedom, however they were most often cheated.
V. Corruption and reform
. The Virginia company was held responsible for the deaths of the colonist in the new world.
. The Virginia company was disbanded and the colony of Virginia became under rule of the crown.
. Rather than try and deal with the political system of Virginia he allowed them to do their own thing. however changes in government did not affect most of the colonist since their primary focus was farming tobacco.
VI. Maryland: A Troubled Refuge for Catholics
. Cecilius Calvert wanted to make Maryland a haven for Catholics but also wanted Protestant settlers to make money. So instructs Catholics to hide their beliefs from others.
. People who purchased 6,000 acres from Cecilius received the title of Lords of the manor. Which allowed them to establish local courts.
VII. Reforming England in America
. The Pilgrims were not religious crusaders, rather they were humble farmers.
. Original from Scrooby Manor, they moved to Holland because of their disdain for the Church of England.
. While in the Netherlands some separatist believed that they were losing their distinct identity.
. To combat this problem a portion of the original Scrooby congregation vowed to sail to America. They then acquired a land patent from the Virginia Company of London and set sail aboard the Mayflower. However an error in Navigation caused them to wind up in New England, and several sailors who were not Pilgrims threatened mutiny.
. to keep them from doing this the Mayflower compact was written.
VIII. "the Great Migration"
. Seventeenth century Puritans were more like today's radical political