The key concepts of this question are ‘climate change’ and ‘climate change sceptics’ as a whole, with the question further asking if sceptical views on climate change present a relevant case to the climate change theory. Firstly we should ask what climate change is. Climate change is the significant change to weather patterns over a certain period of time, whether they are considered either directly or indirectly linked to the Earths natural processes or human actions (Hardy 2003, p11; Pielke 2004, p31). A climate change scepic is not to be confused with a climate change denialist From a scientific point of view a sceptic is not someone who simply rejects new claims, ideas or theories as most would think. A sceptic is someone who wants compelling evidence before coming to a conclusion. Scepticism is seen as a method of questioning and further developing new ideas and theories for the benefit of science. (Kemp, Milne & Reay 2010, p637; Bowditch 2010, p43). To answer the question ‘ Do climate change sceptics have a valid case?’ the negative arguments must be outlined before the affirmative. Scientists on both the negative and the affirmative will generally agree that the Earths climate has been changing over millions of years (Plimer 2009, p25; Hardy 2003 p23). The negative believe that human involvement over the last 160 years has amplified the global warming process (Burroughs 2007 p253; Hardy 2003 pp 39-45). The negative have observed record temperatures from observing stations, radiosodes or hot air balloons, satellite thermal readings of the upper atmosphere and thermometers positioned all around the Earth (Hardy 2003 p40; Berliner, M 2003, pp 430-432; Forest, Stone & Jacoby 2002, p48). The findings of these experiments and recorded data have suggested that the global mean temperature has risen by 0.2°c to 0.8°c over the last 100 to 160 years (Freer 2005, p3; National Research Council 2000, p21) Climate scientists have also developed complex mathematical equations and computer models that give a better understanding of how the Earths climate operates and supports the theory of anthropogenic climate change (Ridgewell & Valdes 2009, p565). Now that he negative arguments have been outlined the
Arguments Against Climate Change
These are some of the arguments used to prevent effective action on climate change.
Climate change is not occurring
This was the original argument used by the carbon industry to discredit climate change and global warming.
Today the vast majority of world experts on climatic issues agree that it is changing, and that the evidence is there for everyone to witness.
Climate change is good for us
A more recent argument used by the carbon industry…
Global Warming: Fact or Fiction?
Global Warming, The Greenhouse Effect, is a very controversial topic in our society, and both sides are backed by political parties/politicians. The idea is based upon our emissions into the atmosphere, creating a hole in the o-zone, allowing more sun in and in turn heating up the earth. The greenhouse effect, in itself has some logic to it, but there is no factual evidence or proof that can relate it to an increased surface temperature on earth. Man-made…
Why Global Warming Doesn’t Exist
It seems that the media and politicians particularly liked to push the issue of global warming the most. They seemed to push the theory to create a new industry for more jobs, in which they give government grants to get going. If global warming does not exists then why is the government pouring billions of dollars into these projects? Given the election of Bill Clinton and Al Gore along with abroad commitments made by the Bush administration there were many policies…
Global warming is one of the biggest social topics of our time. In addition, it is one of the most hotly contested. Nearly everyone believes in the greenhouse effect, which basically means that the sun's warmth is trapped in the Earth's atmosphere by the Earth's natural gasses such as: methane, ozone, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, water vapor, and chlorofluorocarbons. Without the greenhouse effect, we would not be able to live on Earth because it would be too cold. The concept of global warming…
tyjjjtdfbsdfrgbsefrgsedfrThe Earth's climate is constantly changing over time. Many climatologists believe that the temperature of the Earth slowly fluctuates over time. In fact, several scientists estimate that between 15,000 and 30,000 years ago the Earth was covered by large sheets of ice. This period of time was known as the Ice Age. As the temperature of the Earth began to rise 7,000 years ago, the Ice Age came to an end.
The first theory of global warming came in 1824 when French mathematician…
Alternative EnergySCI362Alternative EnergyClimate change is the words to describe long lasting significant statistical changes in the overall weather patterns over an extended period of time. This time frame can range from a few years to a few million years. The term is used to express changes in the overall weather and weather distribution that are different from what is considered the statistical norm. This can be either an increase or a decrease in significant weather events.
In recent years…
people need to discuss the importance of these specific terms that will help you have a clearer
view of Genetic Engineering. According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, Genetic Engineering
is “The science of making changes to the gene of a plant or animal to produce a desired result”
(Webster). Scientists have been trying for quite awhile in trying to change the
but still has so much to learn about the different parts of genetic engineering that make it up. But
the basics are Genes which is “
A sequence of DNA that contains information directing an…
enough. The USDA is continuing to do Americans a disservice by promoting meat consumption in general because it leads to serious health problems, cruelty to animals, and environmental degradation.
One of the largest, most studied, and tangible arguments against eating meat is the negative health effects it has on the human body. Its consumption has been linked to obesity, cancer, and many organ disorders. According to a study published in the International Journal of Obesity, there is a positive…
jour nal of
Climate-related natural disasters, economic
growth, and armed civil conflict
E S E A R C H
Journal of Peace Research
ª The Author(s) 2012
Reprints and permission:
Department of Economics, Norwegian Business School (BI)
Department of Economics & Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
(NTNU) & Centre for the Study of…
Full name: Xingyun Qian
Student number: 140103331
Tutor: Greig Mill
Essay question: Critically evaluate the role of digital marketing in global business. Integrate examples from recent research from journal articles to support your argument.
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