Bipolar is a mental illness, which affects individuals from different age groups, diverse backgrounds and of different genders. Karl Leonhard generated a new definition for “manic depression” by referring to the condition as bipolar disorder. Leonhard posited that the name befitted the disorder because bipolar patients display two different moods: the depressive and manic conditions. Naturally, normal individuals have a single personality that defines character, but people with two different personalities are difficult to handle. Paris (2013) affirms that in 1957, Leonhard initiated the name “bipolar” in order to assist the society in understanding the difference between a duo mood swing and unipolar depression. Manic depression was a general term for different changes in the moods of individuals and did not fit Leonhard’s definition.
Experts hypothesize that manic depression patients face much discrimination from society because of the multiple moods they manifest; however, the definition does not fit the description of an individual that suffers from two different moods per se. Leonhard proposed that manic depression did not have enough clinical background to convince people emotionally that it was a disorder. Bipolar receives considerable clinical attention because medics can easily deal with two different moods during diagnosis (Noll, 2007). Various versions of the bipolar disorder exist, and patients behave in different and show contradictory characters. This discourse discusses the ideas of Leonhard in comparison to the concepts of Emil Kraepelin. The psychiatrist recognized bipolar as manic depression, erasing any doubts that manic depression comprises multiple mental disorders unlike bipolar. The psychiatrist later developed bipolar and differentiated it from unipolar.
Almost all families across the world report at least one case of a bipolar patient. When discussing the various statistics, gender, age, demographics, geographic factors, and numerous social concerns contribute towards the prevalence of bipolar disorder. Only 96% of the entire world population lives without the condition, with such statistics indicating that prevention and prognosis measures applied help in managing bipolar prevalence. Both men and women have an equal ratio of contracting the bipolar disorder because it is not a communicable disease. Noll (2007) observes that mental disorders do not follow a certain cultural or ethnic divide and the same applies to the bipolar disorder. Notably, genetically acquired bipolar disorder affects members of a certain lineage, whereas that caused by environmental factors does not require blood relations for infection. Out of the 4% of people living with bipolar disorder, about 0.8% has mania attacks while 0.5% suffer from hypomania, which makes it difficult for medics to offer prescription (Blader & Kafantaris, 2007). Hypomania patients are calm and exceptionally productive; classifying them as patients coerces medics to use superior medical techniques. A WHO report of 2000 cited that all continents around the world record almost equivalent cases of bipolar patients, making it a condition with a prospect of prevailing anywhere globally.
Age is a significant element when discussing the prevalence of the bipolar disease. Children report rare cases of the disorder and most teenagers, young adults, and adults incorporate the 4% bipolar patients across the world. In adolescents, it is hard to discover a bipolar patient because puberty naturally causes mood swings. The DMS criterion is the only technique that differentiates a bipolar patient from puberty signs. Even as adults display a more aggressive character than teenagers, children suffering from bipolar exhibit ADHD characteristics because of outbursts, aggression, and noises they make. During such moments, children do not seek excessive attention from adults, which vividly ascertains that the patient has