Now people may wonder as to where Santa Cruz even is. Santa Cruz is located on the continent of South America the small country of Bolivia. What is so interesting about Santa Cruz? Santa Cruz is a place of sprawling growth. The city has one of the highest growth rates in the world. Now what might be the reason for the sudden influx of people to move from the countryside to the city? Well there could be a variety of reasons. For one the city offers many unique cultural perspectives that you cannot get anywhere other than the city; Santa Cruz offers an interesting circuit of cultural and art spaces, from natural history, to religious art all the way up to the newest contemporary art. There is a young art market which is growing fast with help of the massive increase in population in the city in the last ten years. There is the availability of resources that are not easily accessible for everybody outside of the city, and this might be a reason for people moving to the city. There could be political violence that is causing people to flee their residence in the countryside and head for the city that offers better protection against violence. One more reason as to why people may be flocking to Santa Cruz is that it also has an economic system that has been increasing over the past 15 years. The main sectors that drive the economy are the oil, forestry companies, agribusiness, and construction. Ember, M. Embers, C. (2009) Countries and Their Cultures. New York, New York: Macmillan Reference USA. People as a whole always want to have a future that seems controllable and reliable and that is what the city has to offer for many migrants. These migrants come from the countryside where the majority of them have agriculturally based lifestyles. Their entire way of life depends upon whether or not their crops are going to grow well and eventually they will be able to harvest bushels and bushels of goods. According to Pauchard’s article, this is the reason that there is damage to the ecosystems. Pauchard says, “Urbanization is increasingly homogenizing the biota of less developed countries. Even though urban sprawl is a worldwide problem, most studies on the effects of urbanization, and the conceptual models have focused on developed countries. South America has not escaped urbanization, and here we discuss the potential impacts of urban sprawl with respect to three ecosystems in the metropolitan area of Concepción, Chile.” With this he is trying to point out that there are changes that occur to the ecosystem due to pollution that changes water quality and changes the acidity of the ground. Once this occurs it becomes difficult to grow crops. As a result of the hardships to grow crops it becomes difficult to feed livestock. Once you lose these two aspects, there is no more agriculture. Once the agriculture goes away then the families’ income disappears. After this the families have to adapt and change their ways. These families choose to move to Santa Cruz Bolivia and become urbanized. Pauchard, A. (2006). Multiple effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of developing countries: The case of a fast-growing metropolitan area (Concepción, Chile). Biological conservation.
Political violence may seem like a thing that only occurred in the past but that is not the case. In Santa Cruz and the surrounding areas they have to live through atrocities committed by those seeking to gain political power. They commit these acts of violence because they want to use fear as a tool to be elected or to pass their legislation. Beaucage says in his article “I don't consider violence as a universal concept, but rather as a combination of representations related to widely distributed practices within society.” Beaucage later goes on to say, “Women place a considerably bigger emphasis on dangers of a supernatural kind, as well as damages cause by symbolic violence.” This appears to be like this because of differences