Civil Rights Act Essay

Submitted By Lexiwint8
Words: 447
Pages: 2

#119
Between 1945 and 1975 various groups in the U.S. engaged in protest. Analyze the reasons that protest emerged in this period for
TWO of these groups
African Americans

Double V, limits on GI Bill
8891­ removes armed service segregation 1947

1954­ brown vs board of edu.

reemergence of Ku Klux Klan and White Citizens

Councils
Montgomery Bus Boycotts, Rosa Parks

MLK­Southern Christian

st
Little rock­ 101

airborne
1957­ civil rights act

1960­Greensboro, N. C.; segregated lunch counters;

sit­ins
Student Non­Violent Coordinating Committee organized

1963­March on Washington, MLK’s “I have a Dream

Speech”
1964 Civil Rights Act

1965­Voting Rights Act of 1965; Twenty­fourth

Amendment (banned poll tax)
1966­Black Panthers: militant group

1968­MLK, Jr. assassinated; led to rioting in 60 cities;

conservative backlash

College Students

1940­1950: Increase in college enrollments from GI Bill,
National Defense Education Act
1950s­James Dean, Rebel Without a Cause

1960­Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), Port

Huron Statement, Tom Hayden
1963­Princeton Spring Riot

Anti­Vietnam War Movement

Mario Savio and Free Speech Movement at University of

California, Berkeley

Passage of Civil Rights Bill,
Voting Rights Act shifts the focus of student protest

toward antiwar movement

First teach­in, University of Michigan

Escalating protests (anti­ROTC; burning
draft cards)
1967­March on Pentagon

1968­Chicago Riots; Chicago 7 Trial

1969­“Days of Rage” in Chicago

1971­Twenty­sixth Amendment grants 18­year­olds the

right to vote
1973­Cease­fire in Vietnam

End of draft

Last troops officially in Vietnam


Latino Americans

Second World War events: bracero; Zoot Suit Riots;
barrio culture
1948­“Operation Bootstrap” led to rise in Puerto Rican

migration
1954­Hernandez v. Texas: Mexican Americans have

Fourteenth Amendment rights;

Eisenhower's “Operation Wetback”
Discrimination, low wages, harsh working, conditions for
Chicano workers
United Farm Workers (UFW) grape boycott­1965

1968­Formation of Mexican American Legal Defense

and Education Fund
Crusade for Justice: Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzáles (Chicano

Pride)…