Cleopatra VII Philopator was born in late 69 BC in Alexandria, Egypt and died August 12, 30 BC. She is known to history as Cleopatra and was the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. She had two older sisters as well as two older brothers. The identity of Cleopatra's mother is unknown, and her father Auletes, was a direct descendant of Alexander the Great's general, Ptolemy I Soter. She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which was a family of Greek origin that ruled Ptolemaic Egypt after Alexander the Great's death. Throughout their dynasty, The Ptolemaic people spoke Greek and refused to speak Egyptian. Cleopatra learned to speak Egyptian and therefore represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess, Isis. She was the only one of her line to actually speak the native Egyptian language and is also known for speaking 9 different languages fluently, but is most remembered for her death which was by suicide.
Cleopatra’s historical significant is a result of many varying factors. As one of the few female pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history, she used her charm and beauty to allure important men into her alliance. Historically, Cleopatra is remembered as a woman who seized any opportunity. While multiple events factor into Cleopatra’s historical significance, a lot of them include her being a manipulative figure. In the springtime of 51 BC, Ptolemy Auletes died and left his kingdom to his eighteen year old daughter, Cleopatra, and her younger brother Ptolemy XIII, who was twelve. They then got married because the wanted to keep with Egyptian tradition. In 48 BC, Egypt became involved in the conflict in Rome between Julius Caesar and Pompey. Pompey fled to the capital of Egypt Alexandria, where he was murdered on the orders of Ptolemy. Caesar followed as well and he and Cleopatra fell in love. During all of this, Cleopatra was exiled by her brother and then had herself reinstalled as queen with Roman military support. Ptolemy was killed in the fighting and another one of her brothers was named Ptolemy XIII. In 47 BC, Cleopatra had Caesars child who they named Caesarion. Cleopatra and Caesar went back to Rome, but after he was assassinated in 44 BC, she returned to Egypt. Ptolemy XIV died mysteriously during this time as well and Cleopatra made her son, Caesarion co-regent.
In 41 BC Mark Antony was in an argument with Caesar's adopted son Octavian, which was over the Roman leadership. Soon after, Antony began a political and romantic alliance with