• This is the symbol of Communism –
The Hammer and the Sickle
Hammer for the Workers
Sickle for the
Peasants – the farm labourers
They wrote the ‘Communist Manifesto’ in 1847. It’s a short book – but billions of people have read it….
This is Karl Marx, the
Communism’. People who believe in his
This is his good friend, Frederick
What is Communism?
• Marx and Engels studied the history of the world’s economies.
• This means the way that power, industry and finance are controlled.
• They saw the way countries developed in stages.
Explain these please! Primitive
This is how humans first lived together – in small tribes. Primitive means basic.
Communism means that everything was shared– food, jobs, belongings. No one owned land. Eventually a group comes to power – this leads to Feudalism…
Under feudalism, a king or emperor or chief becomes the ruler over all the people. Feudalism
The people are kept uneducated and told that god chose the king to rule.
The church helps the king this
He gives land and privileges to ‘nobles’ who rule the people for him. As trade develops, some people get richer. This leads to Capitalism…..
The business owners get richer while the workers do all the hard work. Capitalism
Capitalism creates a huge working-class of people who soon get angry at the way they are treated. They eventually…