Essay about Community Health and Population Focused Nursing

Words: 7258
Pages: 30

Western Governor’s University
Community and Population Focused Nursing
“Adult Obesity in Tarrant County, Texas”

Tarrant County, Texas Tarrant County, founded in 1849, was named after Edward H. Tarrant, who drove the Native Americans from this area in hopes of preparing land for new settlers. Today, Tarrant County has a total area of 897 square miles: 863 square miles of land, 34 square miles of water. Its neighboring counties are Denton County (north), Dallas County (east), Johnson County (south), and Parker County (west). There are 30 cities within Tarrant County, and four towns. Fort Worth is the county seat. ("Tarrant County history”) According to the 2014 census, Tarrant County’s population is 1,945,360 with a population
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According to the 2010 statistics, Tarrant County had 24.4% uninsured residents. A summary of national data by the Congressional Budget Office has identified those with the likelihood of having no health insurance.
People living at the poverty level
Young adults, age 19-34
People with part-time work
Individuals in poor health

Health Concern-Adult Obesity Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index (BMI) is commonly used to determine obesity. It is a measurement of weight for height. A BMI> 30 identifies a person as obese. Obesity arises from the imbalance of intake of calories, and calories expended.
According to the World Health Organization, (WHO)
In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese.
Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult populations (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2014.
In 2014, 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (38% of men and 40% of women) were overweight.
The worldwide prevalence of obesity more than doubled between 1980 and 2014.
High-income countries have greater rates of obesity than middle- and low-income countries; however, people in America who live in the most poverty-dense counties are those most prone to obesity. (Levine, 2011) The evidence is overwhelming; obesity places adults at a high risk for a