We have all heard the names Ted Bundy and Jeffrey Dahmer. Most of us even know the specific crimes they committed. Dahmer, a cannibalistic serial killer of seventeen men, and Bundy, a kidnapping, rapist necrophiliac who ultimately admitted to thirty homicides before his execution. Anyone you ask may have varying labels for these men or anyone who commits these types of crimes, they may vary from pure evil, to psychopath, and even some may be empathetic saying that these people were merely sick, misguided or even abused. However there are a group of maladaptive behaviors that both of these men, and other like them, presented with throughout varying stages in their lives. Although it is important to note that while individuals of this nature who commit these crimes all show symptoms of these behaviors/disorders, not everyone with these disorders go on to be these type of criminals, or criminals at all. The first disorder that would present earliest in life is known as Oppositional Defiant Disorder. This diagnosis is generally reserved for children. With this disorder the individual would, as its title reveal, be defiant towards adults, hostile, argumentative, and in the earliest stages, throw severe 'temper tantrums'. It is normal for children at a certain developmental stage to exhibit some defiance towards their parents or adults, as well as have temper tantrums so this is not to say that every defiant two year old you come across will grow up to be Ted Bundy. It is when these symptoms are excessive and long lasting, that it can be a cause for concern. With disorder being so early in life, there is a good chance it can be addressed, and not turn into a more serious issue such as Conduct Disorder. The reason being, children with ODD tend to by rejected by their peers, due to their aggressive and purposely annoying behaviors. Should this happen, these children would lack basic social skills for a healthy development. The prognosis for one with Oppositional Defiant Disorder can be positive, although with mitigating factors such as inconsistent parenting, and dysfunction in the home, it can certainly lead to criminal behavior later in life. As aforementioned, ODD is a precursor to a more serious behavioral disorder known as Conduct Disorder. This diagnosis is given to children and teens mostly. Anyone who has ever seen the neighborhood kid kick a dog, or be cruel to an animal can be heard saying, "That's how serial killers start off." In reality this is not a far off assessment. Individuals with Conduct Disorder are very aggressive. They are often times bullies who have a general lack of remorse or guilt for their hurtful and destructive actions. These symptoms are long lasting and are always with the intent of violating others. Young adults with this disorder are also commonly destructive to property by way of arson and vandalism. Also, they are habitual liars who often steal, break into vehicles, engage in sexual activity at a young age, and may ultimately drop out of school. Under the Moffitt Theory, these individuals could be either Life Course Persistent Offenders (LCP) who continue this behavior across all stages of life, or they may be Adolescent-Limited Offenders (ALs), who are quick to learn that if they stay on this path, they have a lot to lose. The majority of these offenses can be considered Status Offenses,
Disruptive Behavior Disorder (NOS)
Lake Shore High School
Sometimes, clinicians become aware of extreme cases where a child’s behavior is disruptive to the point that there is a real life problem occurring, but yet, not enough symptoms are present to warrant the diagnosis of either Conduct Disorder (CD) or Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). Disruptive Behavior Disorder is an expression used to describe a pattern of negative behavior that occurs…
published by the Office for National Statistics, investigated emotional disorders - ranked as those which cause considerable distress and interference with the way in which children perform at school and during play.
It also looked at conduct disorders which result in aggressive, violent or anti-social behaviors.
The researchers studied nearly 8,000 children aged between five and 16 in 2004 and found almost one in ten had disorders. The children were checked again last year.
The report said that a…
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a standout amongst the most common neurobehavioral disorders diagnosed in kids and grown-ups today. Scientists have led and investigated various parts of the disorder for neuroscience as it gives a finer clarification to how memory, etiology and treatment choices are concentrated on. The etiology is liable to be natural, multifactorial, and mental and the social components all have huge influence in genesis. There has been a wealth of exploration…
Hypokinetic and Hyperkinetic Dysarthria
Hypokinetic Dysarthria and Hyperkinetic dysarthria are both neuromotor speech disorders. They are both associated with damage to the Basal Ganglia. In defining the word Hypokinetic, Hypo means “lack of” and kinetic means “movement”, forming the definition of a lack of movement. A person with Hypokinetic Dysarthria will show less movement, as seen throughout the speech musculature. In contrast Hyperkinetic Dysarthria means excessive movements of the speech…
Small Group Proposal
Mental Health Group for Adolescent Boys
I. Abstract- brief statement summarizing concept and rationale for the group
The small group that is being proposed is designed for adolescent boys, ages 13-17, who have been recently diagnosed with a mental illness. The focus of the treatment group is for the boys to come to accept their mental illness using the seven stages of death designed by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross.…
Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders
Until the twentieth century, little account was taken of the special characteristics of psychopathology in children; maladaptive patterns considered relatively specific to childhood, such as autism, received virtually no attention at all (Butcher & Hooley, 2014). Today there is more attention paid to children with maladaptive behaviors and scientific research has been done that demands more attention is paid to specific children's behaviors, not the…
child with OCD and using positive reinforcement for compliance with a child with a conduct disorder.
The therapist must be aware of the family's structure and its belief system, the systemic implications of any intervention and reality factors such as abuse or a specific learning disability.
Complementary behavioural input for parents is particularly important for oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder, for which parent management training has been shown to be effective (Patterson,…
My research paper looked at a mood disorder, specifically bipolar disorder. I looked at how challenging it can be to properly diagnose bipolar disorder in children but also show how important it is to catch it early and treat it properly.
It can be difficult to diagnose a child with bipolar disorder because kids can move quickly from manic to depression while adults stay in that state for much longer periods of time. Birmaher B. said that it is difficult to diagnose bipolar in children because of…
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Imagine living in a world where sights, sounds, images and thoughts are
constantly changing and shifting. Unable to focus on whatever task is at hand,
your mind wanders from one activity or thought to the next. Sometimes you become
so lost among all the thoughts and images that you don't even notice when
someone is speaking to you.
This is what it is like for many people who have Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD. Once called hyperkinesis…
All or nothing…”splitting”
States BPD: 75% r female. 75% r comorbid w/axis1.
Culturlal influence in personality disorder: our society, super dependent is not a good thing. Other culture, it’s the norm.
Conduct disorder! Assoc. with anti social personality disorder must be diagnosed by 15yrs. Old
Biological treatment for personality disorder: like anti social personality disorder..comorbid with depression, good thing cuz anti depressant will shift them one direction or another.