November 19, 2012
The purpose of this paper is to describe critical thinking. By doing this critical
Thinking must first be defined. According to Wikipedia, critical thinking is defined as a category of reflective thinking that is reasonable. This type of thinking is geared at making a decision on what to do or what to believe. When critical thinking is applied, it is used as a way of differentiating between what claims are sometimes true, somewhat true, always true or completely false. Depending on what source is used, critical thinking can have various definitions.
These can include but are not limited to: Being committed to utilizing reason in the creation of our beliefs. Reflective thinking that is directed on deciding what to do or believe. Judgment that is self-regulated and purposeful which result is analysis, interpretation, evaluation and inferences, also conceptual, evidential, or contextual considerations that the judgment is based upon. The philosophical frame of critical thinking traces its foundation back to dates over 2,500 years ago. This was in times such as in Buddha’s Teachings. Critical thinking has a very powerful meaning. It is used to make goals clear, evaluate assumptions, discern hidden values, achieve actions, examine evidence and assess conclusions. There are many affirmative uses of critical thinking. These include perhaps creating a solution to a complicated personal problem, considering as a group what action to utilize or analyzing the grade of the methods used to arrive at a scientific reasonable level of faith about a given presumption.
To add further clarification on what is meant by thinking critically, Richard Paul (1995) articulated critical thinking as either weak or strong.
The weak-sense critical thinker is a highly skilled but selfishly motivated pseudo- intellectual who works to advance one's personal agenda without seriously considering the ethical consequences and implications. Conceived as such, the weak-sense critical thinker is often highly skilled but uses those skills selectively so as to pursue unjust and selfish ends (Paul, 1995).
On the contrary, the critical thinker who has strong sense will skillfully enter into the reason of problems and issues to see the problem completely without egocentric and/or socio-centric bias. Therefore, the strong-sense mind seeks to systematically, actively, reflectively, and fair-mindedly create insight with sensitivity to release and address the many barriers that compromise increased thought, quality and learning. Using strong critical thinking we may perhaps assess an argument to decide if it is valid and based on true premises. After reflecting, a speaker may be evaluated and assessed as a credible source of knowledge on a specific topic.
No matter what ethnicity, age, or gender an individual is, if they have strong critical thinking skills, they will display a sense of interest in discovering innovative solutions to problems. A personal experience I have had where I had to apply critical thinking to a work