New Paradigms in the Study of "Gun Rights"
The right to keep and bear arms is the people's right to have their own arms for their defense as described in the philosophical and political writings of Aristotle, Cicero, John Locke, Machiavelli, the English Whigs and others.
The Bill of Rights Act, 1689 allowed for Protestant citizenry to "have Arms for their Defence suitable to their Conditions and as allowed by Law," and restricted the right of the English Crown to have a standing army or to interfere with Protestants' right to bear arms "when Papists were both Armed and Imployed contrary to Law." It also established that regulating the right to bear arms was one of the powers of Parliament and not of the monarch. Sir William Blackstone wrote in the eighteenth century about the right to have arms being auxiliary to the "natural right of resistance and self-preservation," but subject to suitability and allowance by law.The term, "arms" is derived from the Latin term armamenta, meaning utensils and armare, which means to equip. Originally used in the 1600s, the term refers to the process of equipping for war. The term "arms" is commonly used as a synonym for weapon. Use of these arms with regard to the right to keep and bear arms is predicated on the concepts of the right of self-defense, defence of property, and defense of state. The term bear is derived from the Latin combination word fer, which was typically used to form compound words, thus gaining the definition of "that which carries"
In Old English,"beran" means to bear, bring; bring forth, produce; to endure, sustain; to wear.
Since the initial use of this term in the 1600s,…