Athletes and Performance Enhancement Drugs Why do athletes revert to drug usage as a way to enhance their skill? I believe once a player subjects himself to this synthetic enhancer, it takes away the credit of calling or classifying a great player as having “natural” talent. Some athletes are blinded by the instant gratification of being on top that they will do anything to get to that point. As much as one loves what he/ she does for a living, is it valid to disgrace and erase all integrity derived from the actual skill and passion? Depending on the viewpoint, one can argue that the motive behind taking this drug can actually be considered ethical as oppose to the negativity that comes with taking the drug itself. Now I am a fair believer of being empathetic to one’s situation or circumstances, and to be fair some of the athletes mentioned in certain articles may have had a valid reason for taking performance enhancing drugs. The question that remains is what was each athlete’s true motive behind taking these drugs? Is it what the majority of society believes to be the reason of believing these drugs would truly enhance their performance? Is there some covert addiction one encounters from taking these drugs? Jose Conseco was a prominent athlete that admitted in taking steroids; according to his interview with 60 minutes, his motive was to do whatever it took in order to become the best baseball player in the world. He blatantly, admits that steroids aided in making him a better athlete. He admits in having no shame in taking this illegal drug and also no shame in providing counseling to other athletes who inquired about the use of steroids. (http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/08/05/60minutes/main761932.shtml). Manny Ramirez’s, who was also a professional baseball player, motives were stated to be because of personal health issues. (http://www.pharmacytechs.net/blog/top-10-performance-enhancing-drugs). The couple of motives mentioned above were valid reasons to each athlete. Both admitted to unashamedly to taking drugs in order to advance in life and to become a better player. Although these drugs were considered illegal, the usage according to both players was used in order to produce a more important good. In theory, William Shaw would more so not look at these two athletes’ habits as unethical due to the reasoning behind it. Their motives were to better themselves and rationally, they would do whatever it took to stay on top and better their craft. Shaw states “reason giving is essential to the nature of morality” (Arthur 40). Granted the actual action (according to society) is illegal and wrong, but the athletes’ motives were right (according to what each individual thought to be right). In hindsight, can we as a society actually accuse them of wrong if their motive was to produce something considered to be good? Leading to the next question/subject at hand, even though performance enhancing drugs are considered illegal, will there be situations to approve the usage of them if it aids in the intent of pleasing the majority? Looking at it from a Utilitarian point of view “actions are right if the intent is to promote the greatest good for the greatest number” (Arthur 66), if one’s actions were performed in an attempt to make the majority happy, then that performance wouldn’t be considered unethical. In an athlete’s defense on using illegal drugs, the pressure of being the best, trying to perform at a level to help out the team, trying to maintain the heroic image bestowed upon fans, can really drive an individual to do any and everything it takes in order to please everyone. In order to keep fans happy, winning has to be consistent, the team has to have really amazing players; if there is something medical that can aid an individual to be that idea character or key player, it is understandable why these athletes resort to these habits. To take it a step further would it be considered heroic or
to 90 of alcohol 14 years and over have tried alcohol and 50% of female and 70% males use it regularly. 70% of Australians have tried tobacco, 40% cannabis and 2% amphetamine.
2. 18 years in Australia, 20 NZ, 21 USA.
3. Alcohol is responsible of drug related death in this age group followed by tobacco.
4.Alcohol is a depressant and slows the brain and reactions down.
5. Drinking to much alcohol can resolve in alcohol overdose, fighting and vomiting.
6. Binge drinking leads to a greater risk…
"Over the past 41 years, the constant and geometric expansion of America's longest war- the war one drugs- has led us to incarcerate more of our citizens than any other country." Today I'm going to talk about drug policies currently in place, and a way in which we can improve them.
For years now prohibition has been used in order to eliminate the drug problem in our country. However, so far, it has not provided us with the results we have wanted… As the past shows, policies of prohibition…
prescription-type drugs such as Xanax, Percocet and oxycontin and 1 percent used marijuana. A very good way to prevent teens from using drugs would be to state the dangers and effects of such drugs. With 14 or 15 year olds, marijuana was the most commonly used drug at which studies shown 5 percent of all teens used. It also was the most commonly used drug among 16 or 17 year olds at 12.5 percent. These readings were recorded in 2008 and the number has significantly dropped since.
The most popular drug among…
University of Pittsburgh
Drug Laws: Fascism or Necessity?
Is the War on Drugs Hurting More than Helping?
Advanced Topics in Criminology 1265
Dr. Ernest L. Fullerton
October 2, 2014
1. The war on drugs, while keeping the public in mind, hurts more than helps
Shaky, problematic history of drug legalization
The costs of the war on drugs
Decriminalization in Portugal
Benefits of legalization
2. A problematic history make drug illegalization less viable
Professor Tayra Inchino
20 January 2013
Drugs are commonly used in the United States. As the number of drug addicts increase, the demand for drugs is greater. Individuals who want to consume drugs range from teenagers to middle aged adults. Even though drug selling and trafficking generates a lot of revenue, the government is mainly concerned with the consequences of drug abuse. As drug usage increases, the government is trying to decrease this action by having…
November 7, 2014
Legalization Versus The Illegalization of Marijuana
Marijuana is also called cannabis, which is a plant an herb that contains psychotropic ingredients that is mostly used as a drug. This drug and herb has been used medically for centuries all over the world. The usage is for medical purposes and treatments for diseases and symptoms of illnesses. Marijuana is a substance that can be viewed as both beneficial and harmful. It is debatable to legalize marijuana in developed…
among the most dangerous leading and illegal drugs in America. (“Cocaine Facts and Figures”)
* Sadly, there are many reasons as to why people in the U.S. use this drug. Sometimes people do it in hopes that their stressful situation would get better or easier, but in reality cocaine makes you feel more alone and isolated as well as most drugs. Other reasons that this drug is influenced (these facts are more related to teens) are when people think drugs will help them fit in, to look cool or rebellious…
Drug usage in the United States and the world can be considered as one big problem. This following document includes many sources that include information about helping prevent drug use among society. Using drugs can cause many problems to one such as mental, social, and law problems as well. Most drug use starts at a fairly young age, and is also influenced by friends or even family. Although there are many ways out there to help people stay off drugs or even get off of them, not all…
performance-enhancing drugs as well as recreational drugs in a point of their athletic career. The widespread drug use of many athletes has made a social impact not only on the general problem of recreational drug abuse, but also on performance-enhancing drugs that are used in different sports.
Many athletes take recreational drugs such as cocaine & marijuana. These recreational drugs can very well cause addiction and can increase the risk of health problems. All athletes are subjected to being drug tested and…
Prescription drugs are often prescribed by different types of medical practitioners such as doctors, dentists, physicians and etc. These drugs help with pain, anxiety, psychological disorders, diabetes and many more. Some of these painkiller drugs can become addicting, so people tend to use these drugs more than needed, such as Opioids as Morphine, Oxycodone, Fentanyl, Tramadol. These drugs are commonly prescribed when a patient is under tremendous pain. Once people begin continuously using this drug, they…