In order to understand why education and liberty have an interdependent relationship, you must first understand what education and liberty are. Education is not confined to a school building nor is it confined to a series of basic subjects such as reading, writing, and arithmetic. In his American Dictionary of the English Language, Noah Webster defines education as "that series of instruction and discipline which is intended to enlighten the understanding, correct the temper, and form the manners and habits of youth, and form them for usefulness in their future stations". Reading, writing, and arithmetic are obviously necessary parts of education, but they are not the only things that education is comprised of.
Whereas education gives you the tools to be able to think and learn, liberty gives you the ability to find truth. Liberty is basically freedom from restraint. However, it is not the freedom to do whatever you want, being irresponsible and denying basic truths and morals. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, once said, “Freedom is not the right to do what we want, but what we ought.” Liberty gives you the ability to seek truth and progress in life.
With those definitions in mind, let us go on to see the relationship between education and liberty. Education is dependent on liberty for two main reasons. First, without liberty, you will be taught what to think instead of how to think. That is not true education; that is indoctrination. If you are taught what to think instead of how to think, then your mind is not being enlightened in understanding; you are simply being "programmed", like a robot, to think a certain way. This is the basis of Communist education, which seeks to turn little children into future supporters of their violent, socialist agenda. If the Communist leaders can gain control of what and how the children are taught, they can make them believe what they want them to believe. This manipulation of the mind will happen in any form of instruction that is void of liberty, contradicting the very definition of education, which is to "enlighten the understanding".
Secondly, education is dependent on liberty because without liberty, you cannot truly learn. Education is about expanding your knowledge and abilities, and that is impossible without the liberty to search for truth. For example, most schools today teach the theory of evolution in regard to the history of mankind and the earth. Evolution is the only theory that they teach and endorse. Because they do not introduce other theories, such as Creation or Intelligent Design, they are, in essence, forcing their students to believe in evolution. They aren't allowing them to see both sides, critically think through the theories, and make their own decision. Without liberty, students aren't truly learning or being educated; they are being conformed to a certain mold.
Just as education is dependent on liberty, liberty is dependent upon education. Without education, you will be confined to the realm of your limited…