Euthanasia Paper

Submitted By camdenlayton
Words: 915
Pages: 4

Around the world, Euthanasia has become a controversial topic for many reasons. Many
people debate over whether or not it should be legalized in the United States and so far only four
states have legalized it so far; Montana, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington. The Netherlands is
another country that has already legalized euthanasia and many more should. Vegetative and
terminally ill people should have the right to die by lethal injection, whether it be kids or elderly,
but many people are confused about what it is and that causes issues.

One of the many reasons euthanasia is frowned upon is the fact that many people don’t
know what euthanasia is. Most people believe that euthanasia is the “right to be allowed to die by
refusing treatment,”(Somerville) but it is not this. Euthanasia is when someone is put to death
through lethal injection, not the refusement of medical attention and treatment. The failure to
recognize this leads to the misinterpretation and unjust bias towards euthanasia and its victims:
Pro­euthanasia advocates use recognition of this right to refuse treatment
even when it results in death to argue that, likewise, patients should be
allowed to exercise their right to autonomy and self­determination to
choose death through lethal injection (Somerville).
In 1997, Oregon became the first US state to legalize euthanasia. Many people believed that the
legalization of this practice would greatly influence the amount of death occurrences throughout
time, but approximately only 0.15% (292 people) of Oregon deaths were due to assisted suicide
in the nine years it has been in place (Smith). Many people also feared the rise in the deaths of
those in vulnerable­groups because they have a reputation of giving in easier under special
circumstances. Evidence shows that


the elderly, women, people with low educational status, the poor, the
physically disabled or chronically ill, minors, those with psychiatric
illnesses including depression, or racial or ethnic minorities did not have
elevated rates of doctor assisted dying (Smith).
In order for euthanasia to be a successful practice people need to understand what it is and how it
can be beneficial to those in need of it.
Kids who are terminally ill or in excruciating conditions should have the option to die by
euthanasia to stop the suffering. The problem of euthanasia for babies began to rise when
the Groningen Protocol was introduced in 2005 in the Netherlands.
Its development was triggered by the case of a baby girl with
excruciatingly painful and progressive skin disease whose parents asked
doctors to end her suffering. The request was refused on the grounds that
the doctors concerned could be prosecuted for her murder. The young
patient died three months later (Carlowe).
Babies and other infants should have the right to die by euthanasia if they are in unending pain
and have only a short time left to live. The practice is only practiced "with the explicit intention
of hastening death” (Carlowe) and has to follow a series of regulations in order for it to be
considered as an option. For all ages, there is a five­criteria protocol that must be fulfilled:
diagnosis and prognosis beyond doubt; presence of hopeless and
unbearable suffering; a second independent medical opinion to confirm
the first; the consent of both parents; and compliance with strict
medical standards (Carlowe).


If individuals allow the practice of euthanasia among children who are in excruciating pain and
have a terminable illness they will not be doing an injustice, but helping those in need of it with