Federalism Federalism is defined as a “political system that binds a group of states into a larger, non-centralized, superior state while allowing them to maintain their own political identities.” (Merriam-Webster, Incorporated) Federal systems allow for both the national and state governments to enjoy sovereignty, “which is the authority of a state to exercise legitimate powers within its boundaries, free from external interference.” (Tannahill) Tension between the state and federal government goes back to the very start of our country. I am going to discuss a more recent event that has caught the headlines of newspapers, the legalization of marijuana for recreational use in the states of Colorado and Washington. On Election Day, November 6, 2012, the citizens of Colorado went to vote on the legalization of recreational use of marijuana. Fifty-five percent of the voters approved Amendment 64, which calls the state to regulate marijuana as it would alcohol. (Malone) Under the Controlled Substance Act, the federal U.S. drug policy, marijuana falls under the Section I controlled substances, which are substances that have the following findings: “A. The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse, B. The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, or C. There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.” (Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.) So, under federal law marijuana is illegal but under Colorado and Washington state law it is legal. This has brought upon a lot of discussion in the country, and people are curious as to what the federal government is going to do or not do. The U.S. Department of Justice has been asked by both the Washington and Colorado officials for guidance on the laws that conflict with federal law and surprisingly, the federal government has been fairly silent. They have stated though, that marijuana will continue to be illegal and that the Controlled Substance Act will be enforced. (Wyatt) Someone who has not been so silent in the topic though is former Rhode Island Congressman, Patrick Kennedy. Kennedy, who opposes legalization, launched his project SAM, Smart Approaches to Marijuana, in January in Denver, Colorado. Their goal is to inform people of the dangers of marijuana and help them seek treatment. Co-founder of SAM, Kevin Sabet, says he believes that the people of Colorado were not fully informed when they voted for legalization. He stated, “I think a lot of people saw it as an either/or situation without realizing there might be something in between incarceration and legalization. The story in Colorado has not been completed and it is important for people to know there are alternatives.” (Kersgaard) Sabet’s group is looking for a middle ground. They do not believe that legalization is the answer but that they need better drug policies that emphasize treatment over incarceration. Colorado laughs at the idea that they did not know what they were voting for. Mason Tvert, who works for the Marijuana Policy Project, states, “The science is clear that marijuana is less harmful to users than alcohol or tobacco.”(Kersgaard) “As Radley Balko put it, “More Coloradans voted for pot than for Obama.”” (Sargent) The state of Colorado is fighting to keep Amendment 64 legal, as more than fifty percent of the voters voted to legalize it. Where I stand on this issue is a little unclear to even myself. Morally, I am against the legalization of marijuana. I think that it is a drug that shouldn’t be used and that it only leads to the
Explain the supremacy clause.
How does the outcome of McCulloch v. Maryland relate
Explain the three obligations the United States has
towards its states.
Explain the procedure and conditions for accepting a
new state into the United States.
Chapter 4 – Federalism
Authority is divided between a
central government and regional
retained state traditions and local power while
establishing a strong national government.
At the time of…
the advantages and disadvantages of federalism for the United States? Compare American federalism with other systems of government (i.e., unitary and confederal)?
Federalism is our system of government in which power is distributed between a central governing authority and sub-divisional (state) governing authorities. While it may seem that only lately there has been a significant debate over the role of government and their scope of power, in reality federalism has always been a fusion of other…
Care Act “Obama Care”, be the responsibility of the Federal government, and not the burden of the state under the guidelines of Federalism?
In the past years down to 2008 we the people have heard conflicting arguments about the Affordable Care Act, also known as “Obama Care”. Obama Care is a health insurance plan ran by the federal government. A health insurance plan in which everyone in the United States is eligible to have weather you are rich, middle class, and even the starving, hurting, suffering…
Federal Vs State Policy Comparison
Each state has their own specific unique laws established individually for their state. In conjunction with those laws that exist over the people in their specific state there are also federal laws that govern the states as well as the people who live in them. These laws that govern the people are known as state laws and federal laws. The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land in the United States. “It creates…
Colorado Technical University- Online
Phase 1 Individual Project
November 24, 2014
There are three main components that make up our United States Federal Government and we know them as: the Judicial, Legislative, and Executive branches. Each of these branches has their own individual jobs and powers that make up our government as a whole. These career performances are crucial in maintaining a functioning society.
The Judicial Branch is run by the Supreme Court. It is…
February 18th, 2014
Medical Marijuana Legislation
Every year new types of diseases come about and devastate parts of America. For instance different types of the flu are popping up all the time. Many of these diseases can’t be cured with the medicine we have available now. This calls for advancements in medicine, and a new controversial medicine is hitting America, and this medicine is marijuana. The plant marijuana isn’t like normal medicines due to the fact that it has…
have closely approximated monarchies
Democracy: Rule by many
Democracy: literally means “rule by” “many”
Political authority is vested in the people
Also known as “popular sovereignty”
Earliest democracies were found in Greek cities states
Democracy as a form of government did not become widespread until the mid 1840’s
Most popular form of government today!
Types of Democracies
Direct (Participatory) Democracy: citizens participate in gov. as individuals
Have direct control over…
Thesis: The Indian Removal Act of 1830 violated the United States Constitution
because___________, ____________________, ___________________.
Indians were forcibly removed from their lands (John Ross & Principles of the Constitution # 7
- Individual Rights and Amendment s 4, 5& 9)
Andrew Jackson did not uphold the Supreme Court’s decision (federal government versus
state government) (Federalism, Article 3, Sections 1&2)
Individual economic interests ( great farm…
The behavior of homo sapiens -- human beings tend to pursue their own interests. They behave in ways that promote individual interests, and are motivated by incentives (both positive and negative). This is one of the reasons proposed for the development of governments: groups of individuals all acting in their own interests leads to collective action problems, and governments exist as a solution to those problems.
Collective action problem -- this occurs when a group of individuals, each acting…
AP Gov Review
John Locke- 17th century English philosopher who believed people live in a state of nature, have natural rights and that the only type of valid government is one built on consent of governed
Natural rights- life, liberty, property
State of nature- people are generally self-centered but are capable of being rational
Social contract- an agreement between government and citizens; idea that if gov fails to live up to standard, breaks contract then people can dissolve the…