Government Paper

Submitted By dtinsley101
Words: 835
Pages: 4

-authoritarian government-a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limit but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions
-laissez-faire capitalism-an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference
-Great Compromise the agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 where representation in the House of Representatives would be apportioned according to the number of inhabitants in each state, but in the Senate each state would have an equal vote regardless of its population
-New Jersey Plan a framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Paterson, which called for equal state representation in the national legislature regardless of population
-supremacy clause Article VI of the Constitution, which states that laws passed by the national government and all treaties “shall be the supreme law of the land” and superior to all laws adopted by any state or any subdivision
-Three-fifths Compromise the agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that stipulated that for purposes of the apportionment of congressional seats, five slaves would count as three free persons
-affirmative action government policies or programs that seek to address past injustices against specified groups by making special efforts to provide members of these groups with access to educational and employment opportunities
-Prior restraint an effort by a governmental agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way; censorship. In the United States, the courts forbid prior restraint except under the most extraordinary circumstances
-speech plus speech accompanied by conduct or physical activity such as sit-ins, picketing, and demonstrations; protection of this form of speech under the First Amendment is conditional, and restrictions imposed by state or local authorities are acceptable if properly balanced by considerations of public order
-strict scrutiny test, used by the Supreme Court in racial discrimination cases and other cases involving civil liberties and civil rights, which places the burden of proof on the government rather than on the challengers to show that the law in question is constitutional

1-Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition
2-Right to Bear Arms
3-Right to not have to quarter Soldiers and seizures
4-Right to be free from un-reasonable searches and seizures
5-Right to grand jury indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law
6-Right to be in-formed of charges be present when wit-nesses speak in court, to call defense witnesses, to have a lawyer.
7-Right to a jury trial in civil cases
8-Freedom from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
9-Guarantee of rights not listed in Constitution
10-Rights of states and people
11-Prevents suits against states
12-Election of the President(Election Procedures)
13-Abolition of slavery Outlawed
14-Right to be free from discrimination in states to have due process of law, to have equal protection of the law 15-Black Suffrage
16-Individual Income Tax
17-Election of National Senators
18-Prohibition of alcoholic beverages
19-Women's Suffrage
20-Lame-Duck Period shortened for federal Officials
21-Repeal to Prohibition (they can drink again)
22-Limitation of Presidential term of office