Colorectal Cancer Sometimes, it is very frustrating to think that in live one has the possibility to become a victim of pathogenic diseases such as cancer; therefore, cancer it is often seen around the world as one of the most pathogenic and terminal diseases. Consequently, people who become victim of these pathogenic diseases have little chance to survive. Sadly, there are many factors that make this disease to spread out to the tissues and organs. Unfortunately, carcinomas and sarcomas at times become malignant and, they cause further damage to the most important organs like heart, lungs, etc. Breast cancer, bone tumor, prostate cancer, lung cancer, ovaries cancer, etc. are a few of this type of disease. However, colorectal cancer lately is seen as one of the most dangerous and terminal cancers for human beings; therefore, a group of researchers from Taiwan have worked to find the causes, stage advances, and treatments for this pathogenic disease. INTRODUCTION: Scientific members around the world often try to find the origin of cancer, and although many of them have done researches and studies to cure and treat it, no one has achieved it. However, researchers have found out that some proteins are the main cause for the development of colon cancer. Thus, because cancer is developed by mutations in the genes (DNA), these researches believed that, “signaling pathways proteins” have a huge responsibility from the mutations and implications of genes. Consequently, they believed that, ‘’compelling evidence has implicated the wtn signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer.” (Ting W-C, Chen L-M, Pao J-B, Yang Y-P, You B-J, et al, 2013) On the other hand, it is true that many more proteins are also involved and responsible of signaling pathway; including, adenomatous polyposis coli(APC) and Beta-catenin (CTNNB). Even though colorectal cancer is originated from the epithelial cells lining the rectum or colon of the gastrointestinal tract, there some other tissues involved in the development of this pathogenic disease. For example, the intestine plays a major role of the gastrointestinal tract and sometimes there is a misconduct of protein or some signaling pathways which result in alterations of genes. Therefore, mutations occur in the DNA afterwards. Najdi, R; Syed A; Arce, L; Theisen, H; Ting, J-ht; et al. argue that, “Constitutive activation of the Wnt/B-catenun pathways has been implicated as the primary cause of colon cancer.” also, “ T-cell factor 1 and TCF-4, have opposing functions… these phenotypes suggest that TCF-4 is wnt-promoting, whereas TCF acts like a tumor suppressor.” which means that, colorectal cancer is caused by proteins that do not act properly and therefore, signaling pathways result in wrong coding to amino acids resulting in the alteration of nucleotides. METHODS AND PATIENTS: Researches implied new methods by collecting information and tissues from colorectal cancer patients that collaborated by giving out blood for research purposes. Hence, the main purpose of these methods was to compare the genotype and allele frequency to find out family genetic history. However, There were another methods and researches that indicated the importance of genetic history for families who carried the genotype (using the allele frequency) for colon cancer, “Patients should also be questioned about family members who have colon polyps, and in particular the number of polyps they have had over a lifetime, in order to differentiate polyposis syndromes from nonpolyposis syndromes.” (Brentnall, Teresa A, and Andrew M Kaz)…
eye-catching colors, especially bright red. After the women get married, they cover their heads with either scarves, hats or wigs. Some Modern Orthodox men will wear shorts, but Haredi men will not, and many will not wear short sleeves at all. Sandals without socks, while generally not worn in a synagogue (religious place where Jews meet), are usually accepted in Modern Orthodox and Religious Zionist Communities in Israel for daily dress. Haredi Ashkenazi practice discourages sandals without socks both in and…
Orthodoxy in the East.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, a branch of Christianity also known as Eastern Orthodoxy, Orthodox Christianity, or the Orthodox Church, identifies its roots in the early Church. Behind all the nice paintings and splendid architecture, Eastern Orthodox Church has played a major role in the Christian tradition all throughout history. The word 'Orthodox' came from the Greek words orthos ('right') and doxa ('belief'). Hence the word Orthodox means correct belief or right thinking…
close to both Africa and Asia.
In 2011 the population of Greece was around 11 million.
The capital and largest city in Greece is Athens. Other major cities include Thessaloniki, Patras and Heraklion.
Around two thirds of the Greek population live in urban areas.
Greek is the official language spoken in Greece.
Greece is a member of the European Union and uses the Euro as its currency.
Greece is a developed country with a high standard of living. Important industries include the service sector…
he Greeks: Influences on the US Government
Athens Greece: Roots of Democracy?
Four Forms of Government
Monarchy: Rule by a king
Oligarchy: Rule by a small group
Tyranny: Rule by a dictator
Democracy: Rule by the citizens, voting in an assembly
Two Types of Democracy
Direct Democracy (Greece): A government in which people vote to make their own
rules and laws
Representative Democracy (Rome): A government in which people vote for
representatives. The representatives make rules…
English II – 6th Period
Russian Revolution Essay
18 April, 2013
The Struggles for the Russian Orthodox Church
Imagine one day everything you once knew and trusted suddenly vanished? Well that is what happened to the members of the Russian Orthodox Church during the time of the Russian Revolution. The Russian empire was in decline and the Tsarist government that once gave the Church numerous privileges was overthrown. In October of 1917, within just a few months, the Bolsheviks…
Judaism (from the Latin Iudaismus, derived from the Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, and ultimately from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew: יהדות, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people. Judaism is a monotheistic religion, with its main inspiration being based on or found in the Hebrew Bible (also known as the Tanakh) which has been explored in later texts, such as the Talmud. Judaism is considered by…
During the Greek times, there were many gods and goddesses who brought
something towards life. Each god, and goddesses had a meaning to him or her such
as earth, love, wisdom, heaven, and war etc. The Greeks used gods, and goddesses
to answer questions about their universe. This would then explain many things as
to why things occurred , and why things did not occur. Some of the myths that
they used from the gods would answer questions like the “origin of natural events
The differences between the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics are very extensive so I am going to hit on a several topics I believe are important. A major factor is the simple fact that the Western Church spoke and wrote in Latin, versus the Eastern Church who spoke Greek (Walker, 1985, p. 89). The Roman Catholic Church has a Pope who has universal jurisdiction over the entire Church. This is not true in Easter Orthodoxy because they believe in first among equals.
The filioque clause was the…
May 22, 2013
Topic: Benefits of Greek Life
General Purpose: To
Specific Purpose: To convince my public speaking class that there are many misconceptions about Greek Life, and that it's more beneficial than most people are aware of.
Central Purpose: To persuade the class that many people have misconceptions about Greek Life.
Attention Getter: Nothing is as it seems. Since 1825 this statement has been proven true since all but three United States Presidents…