Colorectal Cancer Sometimes, it is very frustrating to think that in live one has the possibility to become a victim of pathogenic diseases such as cancer; therefore, cancer it is often seen around the world as one of the most pathogenic and terminal diseases. Consequently, people who become victim of these pathogenic diseases have little chance to survive. Sadly, there are many factors that make this disease to spread out to the tissues and organs. Unfortunately, carcinomas and sarcomas at times become malignant and, they cause further damage to the most important organs like heart, lungs, etc. Breast cancer, bone tumor, prostate cancer, lung cancer, ovaries cancer, etc. are a few of this type of disease. However, colorectal cancer lately is seen as one of the most dangerous and terminal cancers for human beings; therefore, a group of researchers from Taiwan have worked to find the causes, stage advances, and treatments for this pathogenic disease. INTRODUCTION: Scientific members around the world often try to find the origin of cancer, and although many of them have done researches and studies to cure and treat it, no one has achieved it. However, researchers have found out that some proteins are the main cause for the development of colon cancer. Thus, because cancer is developed by mutations in the genes (DNA), these researches believed that, “signaling pathways proteins” have a huge responsibility from the mutations and implications of genes. Consequently, they believed that, ‘’compelling evidence has implicated the wtn signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer.” (Ting W-C, Chen L-M, Pao J-B, Yang Y-P, You B-J, et al, 2013) On the other hand, it is true that many more proteins are also involved and responsible of signaling pathway; including, adenomatous polyposis coli(APC) and Beta-catenin (CTNNB). Even though colorectal cancer is originated from the epithelial cells lining the rectum or colon of the gastrointestinal tract, there some other tissues involved in the development of this pathogenic disease. For example, the intestine plays a major role of the gastrointestinal tract and sometimes there is a misconduct of protein or some signaling pathways which result in alterations of genes. Therefore, mutations occur in the DNA afterwards. Najdi, R; Syed A; Arce, L; Theisen, H; Ting, J-ht; et al. argue that, “Constitutive activation of the Wnt/B-catenun pathways has been implicated as the primary cause of colon cancer.” also, “ T-cell factor 1 and TCF-4, have opposing functions… these phenotypes suggest that TCF-4 is wnt-promoting, whereas TCF acts like a tumor suppressor.” which means that, colorectal cancer is caused by proteins that do not act properly and therefore, signaling pathways result in wrong coding to amino acids resulting in the alteration of nucleotides. METHODS AND PATIENTS: Researches implied new methods by collecting information and tissues from colorectal cancer patients that collaborated by giving out blood for research purposes. Hence, the main purpose of these methods was to compare the genotype and allele frequency to find out family genetic history. However, There were another methods and researches that indicated the importance of genetic history for families who carried the genotype (using the allele frequency) for colon cancer, “Patients should also be questioned about family members who have colon polyps, and in particular the number of polyps they have had over a lifetime, in order to differentiate polyposis syndromes from nonpolyposis syndromes.” (Brentnall, Teresa A, and Andrew M Kaz)
Church. In its Orthodox manifestations, the church has seen significant schisms with itself in the last one-thousand years, chiefly in 1054 when Christendom divided between the east and the west. Since then, the western church underwent a massive reformation, ultimately resulting in several protestant branches of Christianity. The church in the east has remained widely intact. From these changes sprang forth many different sects. Two very prominent sects were German Lutheranism and Greek Eastern Orthodoxy…
The differences between the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics are very extensive so I am going to hit on a several topics I believe are important. A major factor is the simple fact that the Western Church spoke and wrote in Latin, versus the Eastern Church who spoke Greek (Walker, 1985, p. 89). The Roman Catholic Church has a Pope who has universal jurisdiction over the entire Church. This is not true in Easter Orthodoxy because they believe in first among equals.
The filioque clause was the…
civilization between 100-600 CE, the late classical era, included the rise of Christianity and the division of the empire into two halves, while a continuity was the use of Latin and Greek as common languages.
The first change, Christianity spreading throughout the civilization, is shown in the development and spread of Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic lifestyles. Constantine legalized Christianity in the fourth century AD, and soon after, Theodosius made it the empire’s official religion. All other religions…
the Dark Ages. The Dark Ages were mostly undocumented and left a gap in our knowledge of what happened during the era. Historians say that the Renaissance began as a cultural movement in Italy, (quote about date). The Renaissance was influenced by Greek and Roman art and culture.
Information about the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment began during the Renaissance.
Comparing the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment focused more on the progression of describe the physical world through…
It influences today by being the
foundation of European Law.
3) Greek orthodoxy was practiced in the Byzantine Empire. While in the unified state of
Kyiv and Novgorod, Kievan Rus, had the Eastern Slavs who were pagans, people who
worshipped Earth’s natural forces. In 998, ruler Vladimir I converted to Orthodox
Christianity, then made it the official religion in Kievan Rus. Russian Orthodox services
were held in a Slavic language known as old Church Slavonic rather than the Greek
language of Byzantium.
4) Slavic peo…
largest group of Christianity are Eastern Ortodox Church, the roman catholic and the protestans. The roman catholic and East orthodox churches split one to another in 14th century. And protestatisn split from roman catholic during 16th century. Ortodox chirstianity is collective for the east orthodox church. This branch of Christianity use the term “ orthodoxy” from Greek word orthos+doxa which its meaning correct belief.
Jesus Christ is the son of God. He came into the world by the holy spirit…
consider when dealing with business contacts are verbal and non-verbal communication. Adhering to common business practices when communicating contributes to understanding the Greek culture; this in turn avoids miscommunication and creates a positive image.
Greece has a very high-context oriented culture, which means that the Greeks are able to express hidden and explicit messages that are internalized. Usually they rely less on verbal communication and more on non-verbal communication and are more aware…
Orthodoxy in the East.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, a branch of Christianity also known as Eastern Orthodoxy, Orthodox Christianity, or the Orthodox Church, identifies its roots in the early Church. Behind all the nice paintings and splendid architecture, Eastern Orthodox Church has played a major role in the Christian tradition all throughout history. The word 'Orthodox' came from the Greek words orthos ('right') and doxa ('belief'). Hence the word Orthodox means correct belief or right thinking…
companion of an official, and remained there for 4 years before returning to Constantinople. Here she adopted Monophysitism; this was a form of Christianity that believed that Jesus Christ was wholly divine and not both human and divine as was the orthodox Christian belief.
With her conversion to Monophysitism, she gave up her former lifestyle, and when she returned to Constantinople she settled down as a wool spinner in a house near the palace of the Emperor. It was while in this humble lifestyle…
For Catholics worship is liturgical
(follows a set pattern or ritual)
and it is sacramental (emphasis
on the Sacrament the
Eucharist). The Eucharist or
Mass is the main form of
Drawn from both Scripture and
the Tradition of the Church: the
Magisterium is the teaching
authority of the Catholic Church.
It is hierarchical and structured