All of this literary production was accompanied by a strong essayistic tradition whose main topic was the distinctiveness of Latin American culture and, within that culture, the individual cultures of the various countries. Many of the poets and fiction writers mentioned before also wrote essays in this vein: Carpentier, Paz, Borges, Lezama Lima, and Sarduy, for example. But there were writers whose chief production was the essay: the Uruguayan José Enrique Rodó, the Peruvian José Carlos Mariátegui, the Mexicans José Vasconcelos and Alfonso Reyes, the Dominican Pedro Henríquez Ureña, the Venezuelan Mariano Picón Salas, the Cuban Fernando Ortiz, the Argentine Ezequiel Martínez Estrada, the Puerto Rican Antonio Pedreira, and the Colombian Germán Arciniegas. In many cases the issue was how to incorporate marginal cultures (African, Indian) within Latin America into the mainstream culture of the area and of each individual country. The most important and influential of these essays was Ariel (1900; Ariel) by Rodó. In the wake of Spain’s humiliating defeat by the United States in the Spanish American War, Rodó muses about the differences between the cultures of North and South America. In reply to Sarmiento’s glorification of North American culture, Rodó calls for adherence to the spiritual, artistic values of Latin American culture, against the pragmatism and utilitarianism of the great new power to the north. His essay had such a positive reception that “Ariel clubs” were founded in various Latin American countries. Most of the essayistic tradition either followed Rodó or argued against him. In the 1920s Mariátegui proposed a Marxist interpretation of Peruvian society and culture in his 7 ensayos de interpretación de la realidad peruana (1928; Seven Interpretive Essays on Peruvian Reality). Written in a lively style and surprisingly
In the nineteenth-century, Latin American intellectuals had varying viewpoints of the relationship between their nation and Latin America, to the West and enlightenment. Some wanted no European influence, and others welcomed the thought of European enlightenment. Also, they had differing perceptions on democracy and the relation the leaders should have with the people. Furthermore, they had differing stances on how race and economic progress fit into their ideals. The writings of Simón Bolívar,…
Latin America: Revolution and Reaction in the 20th Century
Chapter Summary. Latin American nations in the 20h century shared problems with Third World countries relating to matters of economic development and relations with more powerful economic societies. The earlier political independence of Latin America and its Western-influenced political and social structures gave it distinct characteristics. Their economies, dependent upon Western investment and exports, were vulnerable to…
has had a long history of military power.
Spanish is the official language, although many people speak English, Italian, or other languages. Argentine Spanish is heavily influenced by Italian and is unlike Spanish spoken anywhere in Latin America. Church and state are officially separate, but about 90 percent of the population considers itself Roman Catholic. Jews and Protestants account for 2 percent each.
Argentina Fun Fact
Argentina is the homeland the 266th Pope of the Catholic Church…
will continue to take its course over the centuries and that English could eventually die as a common language as Latin did, or Phoenician or Sanskrit or Sogdian before it.
"If you stay in the mind-set of 15th-century Europe, the future of Latin is extremely bright," said Nicholas Ostler, the author of a language history called "Empires of the Word" who is writing a history of Latin. "If you stay in the mind-set of the 20th-century world, the future of English is extremely bright."
, or a light pink shade,
ranging from blankets, to toys, to ultimately a lifestyle. In the United states of America and other
countries alone across the world, newborns are predetermined by their body parts to be over
injected with a ton of testosterone and or estrogen in the body. As one gets older, whether it be
a male or female, a transition from childhood to adulthood is necessary. Latin american
countries all around the world, day in and day out, celebrate this passage of a young woman…
rights, deﬁantly smoke cigarettes as a symbol of freedom. Billboards all over Russia feature pictures of skyscrapers and white sandy beaches and slogans like “Total Freedom” or “Rendezvous with America.” They aren’t advertising foreign travel but American cigarette brands.
Cases 4 Developing Global Marketing Strategies Every cigarette manufacturer is in the image business, and tobacco companies say their promotional slant is both reasonable and common. They point out that in the Third World a…
emerging markets in the world. Peru’s continuous economic growth, make it a very attractive market when considering expansion for Property and Casualty insurance. Peru offers substantial growth opportunities for insurers if they understand the various cultures and business dynamics in the country. Tapping the emerging middle classes here is also crucial.
The Peruvian economy has been growing by an average of 6.4% per year since 2002 with a stable/slightly appreciating exchange rate and low inflation, which…
Study Guide PSCI 203 Midterm 1
governmental body with two houses or chambers, such as the US Congress or British
Checks and Balances
Limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or
void those acts of another that fall within its purview.
Separation of Powers
The principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive,legislative, and judicial
powers of a government.
Advantages/disadvantages of federalism…
right/wrong, and they should not be used as grading elements. Also, at present, WritePoint cannot detect quotations or block-quotes, so comments in those areas should be ignored. Please see the other helpful writing resources in the Tutorials and Guides section of the Center for Writing Excellence. Thank you for using WritePoint.…