2. The difference between ethics and morality is that morals define a person character while ethics stress a social system in which those morals are applied. Meaning, ethics point to standard or codes of behavior expected by the group to which the individual belongs. While an individual moral code is usually unchanging, the ethics he or she practices can be other-dependent. When determine the two differences, consider
3. There are four major ethical theories. One is Ethical Contractarianism. This theory justifies moral principles and political choices because they depend on a social contract involving certain ideal conditions, as lack of ignorance or uncertainty. It is also the general ethical theory that individuals making the right choice under a hypothetical social contract. It is an individual that is entered into freely made agreements. It is when the person is happy, content with the outcome. An example contractarianism is no ignorance, no inequalities of power enabling one party to force unjust solution upon another and no malicious ambitions. The next ethic theory is called the Deontology. It is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on the actions adherence to a rule or rules. This focuses on the motivation behind a particular action. An example of this is a friend is banging on your door pleading to be let in because he or she is pursued by the police but in this case the police are misguided because of false information and if they catch your friend the truth will never come out. Virtue Ethics emphasizes the role of one’s character and the virtues that one’s character embodies for determining or evaluating ethical behavior. Virtue ethics is one of the three major approaches to normative ethics, often contrasted to deontology which emphasizes duty to rule and consequentialism. An example of virtue ethics is patience. Utilitariansim is a theory in normative ethics holding that a proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility, usually defined as maximizing happiness and reduce suffering.
4. The ethical responsibilities of an individual in the community are to help those that are in need. To strengthen the community in every way as possible. The community needs leaders, and followers that would keep crime at a low rate. Those that are in need of anything, it is ethical to make sure that the community gets what is needed.
5. Social responsibility is an…