Canada, Australia, and New Zealand had few original inhabitants such as the Aborigines in Australia and the Maori in New Zealand. The natives that were there were quickly replaced. The British settlers had a strong opinion that only the white people had the ability to govern themselves, while non-whites could now. Canada was first French then a British dominion, Australia was originally a place for British convicts to be sent, and New Zealand was to be more land to claim for Britain. Canada and Australia even created their own parliament, Canada’s modeled after the British. All 3 colonies gained relatively easy independence from Britain and took the lives of most, if almost all, the native people who were there previously. In the Muslim world, it was not so much so. In most of the countries, there were frequently spheres of influence, especially Iran, which was split between Britain and Russia. Egypt, on the other hand, had heavy British influence. It became a protectorate under Great Britain after a Nationalist revolt in 1882 and under it, many Egyptian policies were decided by the British. Even Napoleon III had a strong military grip in North Africa, namely Algeria.
Economically, the Muslim countries were negatively affected by many European nations who became more involved in Ottoman trade. The number of Europeans was too overwhelming and it upset the balance. As the crumbling Empire collapsed, so did the economics. The discovery of oil in Iran created a conflict between Russia and Britain, although Russia asserted its dominance by sending in troops in 1914. In Egypt, Britain’s purchase of the Suez Canal allowed it to have an even greater dominance in the region. The economic effect in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand was completely different. A large factor in Canada was the Trans-Continental railroad built by MacDonald. It transported people, products, and manufactured goods. Australia and New Zealand began sheep herding and gold was discovered in 1851, kick-starting the economy. The culture in Canada was very split, being previously French owned. After