In art 112 Essay

Submitted By Tea-Boni
Words: 448
Pages: 2

1/14/15
20s/30s/40s
These decades shaped by 3 crucial events:
WWI ended 1918
Great depression 1929
WWII 1939-1945
F. Scott Fitzgerald – Author “ The Great Gatsby” - termed by 1920’s “ The jazz age”
Duke Ellington, glen miller, louis Armstrong
“roaring 20’s” – women drank, smoked in public, drove cars, motorcycles
The Flappers – danced the Charleston – dance craze
Oliver Naylor – sweet Georgia brown, 1925
Famous Charleston dance song
Duke Ellington – It don’t mean a thing , 1931
Bessie smith/ louis Armstrong – sobbin hearted blues, 1925
Oct 29, 1929 – black Tuesday
Stock market crash
11 million people out of work
25% of population
Bread lines, soup kitchens
FDR’s – new deal
Social security system
Broke USA out of great depression
Dec 7th, 1941 – bombing of Pearl Harbor
Sept 1945 – japan surrenders - G.I bill  optimism  college  BABY BOOM
Baby boomers – 1st generation to experience Rock & Roll.
3 primary styles of music that formed rock n’ roll
1. Mainstream pop
2. Rhythm & blues
3. Country & western
1920 – KDKA Pittsburgh – 1st radio station in US
1928- NBC goes coast to coast 1st radio network

1/16/15

Amos & Andy – TV show, debuted in 1929
Started out as a radio program
More popular than survivor, American idol, etc.
1945 it was legal to play prerecorded music on the radio
Late 40’s early 50’s USA audience moves from radio to TV
Radio goes back to regional status
Late 40’s magnetic tape was invented
Nazis – protect Hitler from assassination
Mainstream pop
2 influences:
1. Radio & TV
2. Music Publishing
Sheet music - primary way music was purchased
Rock & roll changed that!
Tin Pan Alley – area of NYC where music publishing business resided.
Irving berlin, Cole porter, George Gershwin
The Great American Song Book
Rock Song Structure: AABABCB
Tin Pan Alley Song…