Industrial Revolution Research Paper

Words: 575
Pages: 3

During the late 1700s and early 1800s many innovations and inventions led to different process and ways architecture worked. For example, the Bessemer process; this process improved the strength of iron. Henry Bessemer developed the Bessemer process, which made is possible to convert pig iron to steel by removing impurities rather than adding carbon. This process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel. This allowed for steel to be used as a structural component more easily and readily. It also required less coal, less time and was less expensive than other methods making Bessemer processed steel a famous structural material of the time. By using steel framing building were able to be nine or ten stories high, which was a huge for this time period. One significant piece of architecture that was able to happen because of the Bessemer process was the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The tower was able to showcase the possibilities of iron …show more content…
Elisha Graves Otis invented the elevator break in the mid-ninetieth century. Otis’ invention included a braking system for a hoisting platform that wouldn’t fall if the cables were severed, allowing materials and workers to be hoisted up during construction without worry or safety issues. Otis demonstrated his invention at the 2nd Crystal Palace in New York in 1853, which led to the development of the first passenger elevator device in 1857. The cast-iron frame both sped up and aided the development of the skyscraper. Without this device buildings were limited to just 6 stories because nothing could he hoisted that high, this process made the popular skyscrapers of the nineteenth century possible. One building that was made possible by this invention was the Woolworth Building in New York City by Cass Bilbert. This structure is one of New York’s first skyscrapers in a gothic revival style that was build in