Essay on Midterm Study Guide

Submitted By RKandSJ
Words: 1332
Pages: 6

STUDY GUIDE 1. Site: The physical character of a place. EX: hilltops and riversides 2. Situation: The location of a place relative to its surroundings/ other places. EX: “oh, it’s across the street from Dunkin Donuts!” 3. Intervening obstacles: An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration. EX: mountains, large bodies of water 4. Ravenstein's Laws of Migration: a) Most migrants move only a short distance. b) There is a process of absorption, whereby people immediately surrounding a rapidly growing town move into it and the gaps they leave are filled by migrants from more distant areas, and so on until the attractive force [pull factors] is spent. c) There is a process of dispersion, which is the inverse of absorption. d) Each migration flow produces a compensating counter-flow. e) Long-distance migrants go to one of the great centers of commerce and industry. f) Natives of towns are less migratory than those from rural areas. g) Females are more migratory than males. h) Economic factors are the main cause of migration. 5. Malthus’ theory of population growth: a) Food is an essential component for human existence. b) Humans have the basic urge to multiply. 6. Projections: a) Mercator b) Robinson

7. Distance-decay Theory: The interaction between two places declines as the distance between them increases.
EX: N. America & N. Korea 8. GPS: Global Positioning System
USES: to help you get to a place you have never been to, to find where you are if lost, to find close places near you in categories of things. 9. Demography: The study of the characteristics of human populations, such as size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.
EX: gender ratio, fertility rates, and literacy rates 10. Agricultural Density: The number of farmers per unit area of arable (farmable) land. 11. Physiological Density: The number of people per unit area of arable (farmable) land. 12. Arithmetic Density: The number of people per unit area of all land. 13. Ecumene: inhabited /inhabitable area of the world. 14. Non-Ecumene: uninhabited /uninhabitable area of the world. 15. Top 5 Areas of Population Concentration: a) Japan b) Indonesia c) South Korea d) India e) Philippines 16. MDC’s v. LDC’s: a) Differences in Population Growth:
MDC- More advances in medicine and tools for operations
LDC- Still developing and learning how to create new advanced things for medical uses b) Why are they so different:
MDC- a country with a per capita whose GPD is over $10,000
LDC - is a country with a per capita whose GPD is below $10,000 17. Densest Population Areas of US: a) New York, NY b) San Francisco, CA c) Chicago, IL d) Boston, MA e) Philly, PA f) Miami, FL g) Washington DC h) Los Angeles, CA i) Baltimore, MD j) Seattle, WA 18. Least dense Population Areas of US: a) Skwentna, AK b) Mentasta Lake, AK c) Slana, AK d) Central, AK e) Glacier View, AK f) Point MacKenzie, AK g) McKinley Park, AK h) Dry Creek, AK i) Harding-Birch Lakes, AK j) Trapper Creek, AK 19. Carrying Capacity: The number or quantity of people or things that can be conveyed or held by a vehicle or container. 20. Overpopulation: Excessive population of an area to the point of overcrowding, depletion of natural resources, or environmental deterioration. 21. CBR, CDR, TFR, NIR: a) What is it:
CBR- Crude Birth Rate: # of births per 1,000 people a year.
CDR- Crude Death Rate: # of deaths per 1,000 people a year.
TFR- Total Fertility Rate: The average number of children a woman has throughout her childbearing years.
NIR-Natural Increase Rate: The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude