2013 Study Guide for Test 2

This test will be given in class on Thursday November 14, 2013 at 11:25-12:55.

This test will cover lectures (5A-9B except not Lecture 9A by Sarah Gutowsky on November 5th), website visits (5-9), and Assignments 2 and 3 (Loop Analysis and Ecological Footprint). For our Community Ecology Textbook by Mittelbach: know Chapters 10-13. Pay special attention to the lecture slides on the book chapters because these indicate the terms, concepts and case studies that are most important. The test questions are taken from all sources listed above. Questions given at the end of each weekly website visit are not repeated here, but they also are considered part of this Study Guide.

In terms of math, you should know the loop analysis equations, how to compute a determinant of order 1, 2, and 3 matrices, how to calculate simple loop diagrams, and calculate basic measures on them such as connectivity and connectance.

The test will consist of 75 multiple-choice questions with four choices each. Each correct answer is worth 1/3 of a point for a total maximum score of 25. You will have one class period or approximately 1 1/3 hours (80 minutes) to complete the test. Please bring a hard pencil to the test for marking the computer answer sheet and an eraser. Do not bring a cell phone, a calculator, or any other electronic devices. It is an automatic zero if you take the test possessing an electronic device. All other extraneous materials such as knapsacks, books and papers need to be placed at the front of the classroom before you start the test. Do not communicate with any of your classmates for any reason during the test by any means. Raise your hand if you have a question and speak only to the instructor or teaching assistant.

Warning: Note that the lecture notes/slides on the website and the actual lectures are designed to complement each other but not to be identical material. You need to attend lectures to obtain valuable course information that will not be on our BBLearn site. The test questions are taken from all sources listed above. This Study Guide is designed to help you but Dr. Lane is not responsible for missing terms and concepts that may be tested or for your class absences.

TERMS, CONCEPTS & APPROACHES (Not repeated if occurring in more than one topic.)

You should go beyond a dictionary definition to understand why the following terms/concepts are important in ecosystem-level ecology.

People

Herbert Andrewartha and L. Charles Birch

Frederick Clements

John Brooks and Stan Dodson

Charles Elton

Robert Costanza

Herman Daly

M.R. Gardner and W.R. Ashby

Lev Ginzburg

Grim and Wissel

R. Edward Grumbine

Hairston, Smith and Slobodkin

C.S. (Buzz) Holling

Stephen Hubbell

G.E, Hutchinson

Michio Kondoh

Thomas Kuhn

R. T. Lackey

Aldo Leopold

Richard Levins

Lauri Oksanen

Robert MacArthur

Martinez and Williams

Robert May

Gary Mittelbach

Issac Newton

Robert Paine

Stuart Pimm

Robert Putnam

David Rapport

William Rees

Michaell Rozensweig

John Terbough

Mathis Wackernagel

Community Ecology and Loop Analysis

Adaptive Food Web Hypothesis (AFWH)

Alpha coefficient, interaction coefficient, probability of co-occurrence alpha

Alpha, beta, gamma diversity

Amplitude

Balance of nature

Bipartite interaction webs

Biological Revolution

Biologically-reasonable food webs

Bottom-up effects

Cascade model and predictions for trophic levels

Community stability (local versus global)

Complement (in a loop model)(valid and not valid) and relationship to determinants

Community matrix, community effects matrix

Competition/colonization trade off

Complexity

Connectance-how to calculate

Connectedness web

Connectivity/Linkage Density-how to calculate

Conservation theory and management

Constancy

Control: top down versus bottom up

Core loop model (ecological skeleton)

Correlation analysis

Delaware