Study guide for a midterm Essay

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Biol. 3061/5261 Communities and Ecosystems
2013 Study Guide for Test 2

This test will be given in class on Thursday November 14, 2013 at 11:25-12:55.

This test will cover lectures (5A-9B except not Lecture 9A by Sarah Gutowsky on November 5th), website visits (5-9), and Assignments 2 and 3 (Loop Analysis and Ecological Footprint). For our Community Ecology Textbook by Mittelbach: know Chapters 10-13. Pay special attention to the lecture slides on the book chapters because these indicate the terms, concepts and case studies that are most important. The test questions are taken from all sources listed above. Questions given at the end of each weekly website visit are not repeated here, but they also are considered part of this Study Guide.

In terms of math, you should know the loop analysis equations, how to compute a determinant of order 1, 2, and 3 matrices, how to calculate simple loop diagrams, and calculate basic measures on them such as connectivity and connectance.

The test will consist of 75 multiple-choice questions with four choices each. Each correct answer is worth 1/3 of a point for a total maximum score of 25. You will have one class period or approximately 1 1/3 hours (80 minutes) to complete the test. Please bring a hard pencil to the test for marking the computer answer sheet and an eraser. Do not bring a cell phone, a calculator, or any other electronic devices. It is an automatic zero if you take the test possessing an electronic device. All other extraneous materials such as knapsacks, books and papers need to be placed at the front of the classroom before you start the test. Do not communicate with any of your classmates for any reason during the test by any means. Raise your hand if you have a question and speak only to the instructor or teaching assistant.

Warning: Note that the lecture notes/slides on the website and the actual lectures are designed to complement each other but not to be identical material. You need to attend lectures to obtain valuable course information that will not be on our BBLearn site. The test questions are taken from all sources listed above. This Study Guide is designed to help you but Dr. Lane is not responsible for missing terms and concepts that may be tested or for your class absences.

TERMS, CONCEPTS & APPROACHES (Not repeated if occurring in more than one topic.)

You should go beyond a dictionary definition to understand why the following terms/concepts are important in ecosystem-level ecology.

Herbert Andrewartha and L. Charles Birch
Frederick Clements
John Brooks and Stan Dodson
Charles Elton
Robert Costanza
Herman Daly
M.R. Gardner and W.R. Ashby
Lev Ginzburg
Grim and Wissel
R. Edward Grumbine
Hairston, Smith and Slobodkin
C.S. (Buzz) Holling
Stephen Hubbell
G.E, Hutchinson
Michio Kondoh
Thomas Kuhn
R. T. Lackey
Aldo Leopold
Richard Levins
Lauri Oksanen
Robert MacArthur
Martinez and Williams
Robert May
Gary Mittelbach
Issac Newton
Robert Paine
Stuart Pimm
Robert Putnam
David Rapport
William Rees
Michaell Rozensweig
John Terbough
Mathis Wackernagel

Community Ecology and Loop Analysis

Adaptive Food Web Hypothesis (AFWH)
Alpha coefficient, interaction coefficient, probability of co-occurrence alpha
Alpha, beta, gamma diversity
Balance of nature
Bipartite interaction webs
Biological Revolution
Biologically-reasonable food webs
Bottom-up effects
Cascade model and predictions for trophic levels
Community stability (local versus global)
Complement (in a loop model)(valid and not valid) and relationship to determinants
Community matrix, community effects matrix
Competition/colonization trade off
Connectance-how to calculate
Connectedness web
Connectivity/Linkage Density-how to calculate
Conservation theory and management
Control: top down versus bottom up
Core loop model (ecological skeleton)
Correlation analysis