Midterm 1 Study Guide
General Notes to studying:
At the end of each lecture are summary slides. These slides indicate what is important in the lecture.
Note: study guide posted on Monday, August 11th and represents material covered through Tuesday’s lecture #5. Exam will cover material through Thursday, August 14th lecture #6. Summary slides at end of Thursday’s lecture will provide study guide for that lecture.
How do the general principles of chemistry and physics operate in relationship to the biomolecules, chemical reactions, and physiologic functions performed by the chemical reactions?
Atoms and Bonding:
What are the different types of bonding, how are electrons involved, and what are their relative strengths? Biomolecules:
Be able to characterize each of the three biomolecules (protein, carbohydrates, lipids):
What are the building blocks of each (e.g. amino acids, glucose, triglycerides – fatty acids)
What types of bonds characterize each?
What is the nomenclature (simple to complex)?
What happens when biomolecules become more complex: o Bonding (name the characteristic bonding for each biomolecule)
What do they become when more complex?
What is the significance of the complexity?
What are the cellular organelles and how do they function? Organelles:
Be able to name and understand the function of each cellular organelle.
What main function does each organelle have? o What process occurs at each organelle?
What is the terminology used to describe the different types of synthesis and breakdown reactions?
What are the stages of cellular respiration?
What are the different kinds of respiration? o What types of respiration involve oxygen, what types do not?
N3: Human Physiology for the Health Professions
What are the by‐products of cellular respiration?
Where do the different stages of cellular respiration occur in the cell?
How do enzymes function?
What happens when an enzyme catalyzes a reaction?
What influences the activity of an enzyme? o o