motivational draft Essay examples

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There are several health care organizations that are restructuring how the organization conducts business. Each of these changes are caused by many factors, for example, electronic medical records, health insurance coverage, organizational turn-over of staff, and reducing cost of staff to maintain on a budget are just a few of the causes. Health care managers should research motivational methods that will work best within the organization. An operational manager must be able to understand a motivational method before connecting to the method. A manager should be flexible enough to use diverse methods given to the employee’s personality. A huge difference in personalities within a team can be challenging to motivate. A manager who is able to motivate and communicate effectively is dynamic to organizational changes. These methods are Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, McClelland’s Acquired Theory, and Vroom’s Expectancy Theory. “Maslow (1954) postulated a “hierarchy of needs” that progresses from the lowest, subsistence-level needs to the highest level of self-awareness and actualization” With the achievement of each level met, individuals will be motivated to strive to progression to fulfillment on order to move on to the next level. The level of Maslow’s hierarchy include, physiological needs, safety needs, belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs (Buchbinder, Shanks, & Dore, 2012, "Chapter 3, Management and Motivation, Theories of Motivation"). Physiological needs are the sustenance needed in personal life such as food, water, and sexual drive. Safety needs are the requirements, like shelter, a safe home, employment, health care, and money. The belonging need validates the need of social contact and interaction to include friendship, support, and affection. Esteem needs suggest having a positive regard, status, and recognition. Lastly, self-actualization needs of achievement, personal growth, development personal, and autonomy (Buchbinder, Shanks, & Dore, 2012, "Chapter 3, Management and Motivation, Theories of Motivation"). “The movement from one level to the next was termed “satisfaction progression” by Maslow and it was assumed that over time individuals were motivated to continually progress upward through these levels.” (Buchbinder, Shanks, & Dore, 2012, "Chapter 3, Management and Motivation, Theories of Motivation"). McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory is the acquirement throughout life. This means to be able to learn to develop results in life experiences. McClelland’s theory is focused on three needs, need for achievement, need for affiliation, and need for power. The need of achievement underlines the aspiration for success, understanding of tasks, and managing goals. Affiliation needs demonstrates the need to focus on relationships and association with others. A need of power relates to the desire for responsibility, for control, and authority of others. According to Buchbinder, Shanks, and Dore (2012), “All four of these theories approach needs form a somewhat different perceptive and are helpful in understanding employee motivation on the basis of needs ("Chapter 3, Management and Motivation, Theories of Motivation"). The last motivational theory to be used as a manager is Vroom’s Expectancy Theory. This theory addresses the expectations of individuals and offers that they are motivated by performance and expected outcomes of their own behaviors (Buchbinder, Shanks, & Dore, 2012, "Chapter 3, Management