Nutrition: Nutrition and Glycemic Load Essay

Submitted By isabela11
Words: 725
Pages: 3


The article “Carbohydrates” provides timely information on diet and nutrition. It discusses the difference between glycemic index and glycemic load, what the glycemic index of sugar substitutes, high carbohydrates diets, low carbohydrates diet, and sugar alcohol sweeteners.

Glycemic index and glycemic load are similar but do not mean the same thing. The glycemic index is a ranking system based on the ability of carbohydrate-based foods to raise the blood glucose level as well as levels of insulin. High glycemic carbohydrates tend to rapidly elevate the blood glucose and insulin levels in individuals. The lower the glycemic index number, the slower the absorption rate, making a spike in blood glucose and insulin less likely. Glycemic load is another tool used to determine your blood glucose response. However, it is more efficient because it factors in the glycemic index as well as the actual amount of carbohydrate being consumed. The glycemic index is not always practical because you will not necessarily consume 50 grams of carbohydrates in a given sitting.

Food and drinks that contain NutraSweet are a healthier choice then consuming sugary foods and beverages. Sugary foods should be limited since the lifelong effects of the products are unknown.
A high-carbohydrate diet is not beneficial to weight loss, and more importantly to long-term weight maintenance. This happens because high carbohydrate diets also tend to be low fat to be low in fat. Food manufacturers have produced low-fat foods that are also high in refined carbohydrates and therefore tend to have a high glycemic index promoting more fat synthesis and storage.
Some people who go on a low carb diet have managed to keep weight off in the shirt term, but the best studies show that on average the weight loss is small after one year. A recent study found that a low carbohydrate-eating pattern did not increase risk of heart disease; if the protein and fats mainly came from vegetable sources, a low carbohydrate-eating pattern actually reduced heart disease.
Erythritol, xylitol, and other sugar alcohols have been used for decades to sweeten chewing gum, candy, fruit spreads, toothpaste, cough syrup, and other products. Newer, cheaper ways to make sugar alcohols from corn, wood, and other plant materials, along with their sugar-like taste, are fueling their use in a growing array of foods.

From the Carbohydrates web blog, I learned the meaning of glycemic load and glycemic index. There was great information relating to how carbohydrates affect your blood glucose levels, glycemic load is more practical for everyday use. Both glycemic load and glycemic index tools only refer to each carbohydrate on an individual basis. Thus, glucose levels vary depending upon how many other carbohydrates factor into the equation. If you add in proteins and fats to the…