Personality Disorder Essay

Submitted By bellportlax
Words: 629
Pages: 3

Personality Disorders

By Courtney Wickline

Mr. Jennings

Period 7

Psychology

Personality disorder refers to a class of personality types and enduring behaviors associated with significant distress or disability, which appear to deviate from social expectations particularly in relating to other humans. Personality in psychology is the set of enduring behavioral and mental traits that distinguish human beings. Therefore, personality disorders are experiences and behaviors that differ from societal norms and expectations. People diagnosed with a personality disorder may experience difficulties in cognition, emotiveness, interpersonal functioning or control of impulses. There are numerous causes for mental disorders and vary depending on the disorder, the individual, and the circumstances. There may be genetic dispositions as well as particular life experiences, which could include incidents of trauma or abuse. Paranoid Personality Disorder is a pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as violent. Signs of knowing someone has this personality disorder are they suspect that others are exploiting, harming or deceiving him or her, are preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates, are reluctant to confide in others because of fear that the information will be used against them, and they are unforgiving of insults or injuries. No one knows the true cause of paranoid personality disorder, but some suspect that familial factors or genes may influence the development of the disorder in some cases. Other possible causes suggest that such behavior might be because of childhood experiences. Children who are exposed to adult anger and rage with no way to predict the outburst and no way to escape or control them develop paranoid ways of thinking in an effort to cope with the stress. Because of reduced levels of trust, individuals with paranoid personality disorder rarely present themselves for treatment, therefore, there can be challenges in treating this disorder. However, psychotherapy, antidepressants, antipsychotics and anti-anxiety medications can help when an individual is receptive to intervention. The main approach to treatment is psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is therapeutic interaction or treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client, patient, family, couple, or group. Psychotherapy aims to increase the individual's sense of his or her own well being. Dependent Personality Disorder, formerly known as asthenic personality disorder, is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. This personality disorder is a long-term condition in which people depend on others to meet their emotional and physical needs, depending on themselves very little. Signs of knowing someone has dependent personality…