Position Paper

Submitted By House-of-Ricky
Words: 699
Pages: 3

Committee: SOCHUM
Country: El Salvador
Topic 1: Reforming Foreign Aid Practices Foreign aid practices can be defined as help provided by developed countries to less developed countries in order to improve their economy. Many developed countries such as the
United States, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, France and Sweden have aid agencies dedicated to improving the standard of living of the people in less developed countries. After
World War I, when many European countries were struggling with reconstruction, the United
States of America created the Marshall Act in order to help these countries rebuild their economies. Later on, other countries implemented the same format on foreign help. However, the misuse of the foreign aid has become an issue. Many people argue that the practice helps less developed countries improve, while the pessimists think that the help is often used to favor certain people and can lead to corruption. This continues to be an issue because it is often not used for its intentional purpose, and therefore, creates the cycle of the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer. Foreign aid is usually sent to halve poverty, and provide better education.
However, the funds can be mistreated and used for mafia or leaders of government. The 3rd committee is part of the General Assembly that focuses on social, humanitarian, and cultural affairs especially, in what affects worldwide society. They address humanitarian issues such as discrimination, racism, voting rights, and crime prevention. One important non­profit organization that assists foreign aid practices is UNODC (United Nations Office on
Drugs and Crime), which focuses in the diminution of drugs and organized crime in several countries such as Afghanistan, Mexico, Pakistan, and El Salvador. UNRISD (United Nations
Research Institute for Social Development) is another organization that focuses on the reinforcement of humanitarian needs such as the increase of the standard of living and the decrease of poverty. El Salvador is part of CARSI (Central American Regional Security
Initiative) which focuses on creating safer streets for citizens in the region, disrupting the movements of criminals and contraband to, within, and between the nations of Central America and supporting the development of strong, capable, and accountable Central American governments.1 El
Salvador is one of four countries who participate in the initiative Barack Obama, Asocio para el crecimiento, in english, association for growth, with the objective of expanding economic growth and a safer country.2

El Salvador is a country well known for receiving help from different developed countries, especially the United States of America who recently ”withhold the Millennium
Challenge Compact aid deal, [in which El Salvador receives] approximately $277 million in

http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2014/07/us­foreign­assistance­to­mexico­guatemala­honduras­an d­el­salvador 2 http://www.usaid.gov/es/el­salvador

aid.”3 The foreign aid is usually used to improve the