psychology paper

Submitted By zpapa2309
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Pages: 4

In case 14, Crystal is a single mother of two from Connecticut. This couple, Tom and Linda want to have a baby but cannot so they hire Crystal to be their surrogate mother. Crystal signs the contract stating that she would be paid $20,000 and receive regular screenings. The contract also said that if the baby had any deficiencies then she would have to get an abortion. Five months into Crystal’s pregnancy she went for a screening and found out the baby had a heart problem. The doctors said that the chance of a normal life for the baby would be very small and getting an abortion to be the most humane. Given the abnormality, Tom and Linda (genetic parents) decided to put the baby up for adoption upon birth. Crystal is opposed to this and went to Michigan because in Michigan they consider the woman carrying the baby to be the legal parent. Even when Crystal moved to save the baby from being in foster care, she decided that being a single mother would be too hard for the baby. Crystal eventually put the baby up for adoption.
1. Ethical relativism is a critique of the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. In this case, Ethical relativism is relevant because some people might agree with Crystal and say that getting an abortion is morally wrong. On the other hand some people might say that if you cannot give a baby a proper life then it is moral to get an abortion. This ties into relativism because when there are disagreements, nobody is right or wrong and we ought to tolerate the behavior of others even when we disagree about the morality of it. According to Ethical relativism, this case would be considered indeterminate.

2. Ethical egoism is the position or view that people ought to do what they think is in their best self-interest. Ethical egoism applies to this case because Crystal does what she thinks is best for the baby. She doesn’t believe that getting an abortion would be the best option for the baby and thinks that having it would be the best option. This is shown again when she puts the baby up for adoption because she believes she cannot take care of it the best she can. According to Ethical egoism, Crystal’s actions are seen as moral.

3. Divine command theory is the view that we act morally when we do what God commands us to do. Say that Crystal is a Christian. In the Christian view, God would say to not harm any life at all whatsoever. Crystal does this by not terminating the fetus and by giving life to the baby. According to Divine command theory, Crystal’s actions would be moral.

4. Aristotelian virtue theory is the view the golden mean is the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency. The golden mean can be seen in the case because for one extreme, Crystal’s actions may seem good because she kept the baby, didn’t get it terminated like the contract said and gave the baby to good caring parents. On the…